[Brauer] Interglacial climate variability

German Title: Interglacial climate variability

Abbreviation: 305

Current Status: completed with report

Main Applicant:Prof. Dr. Achim Brauer

Resources Recipient

Other Persons

Dr. Markus Schwab
Dr. Norbert Nowaczyk

Conveyor Begin: 1 September, 2012
Conveyor End: 31 December, 2014
Conveyor Duration: 37
Year: 2012


The aim of this project is to reconstruct the palaeoclimatological changes in the Dead Sea Basin and adjacent areas during the last two interglacials as archived in the ICDP Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project (DSDDP) sediment cores, using a unique combination of high-resolution sedimentological-mineralogical, geochemical and rock magnetic studies. A detailed comparison of the Holocene and Eemian sediment formations will be crucial for the understanding of interglacial climate variability in the central and eastern Mediterranean. Within this project we will also provide the first sedimentary record of the Younger Dryas and the MIS 5/6 transition in the Dead Sea Basin, these time intervals are preserved in none of the outcrops due to depositional hiatus. A second focus of the rock magnetic investigations will be on the genesis of the Fe-sulfide greigite, since greigite formation is strongly enhanced during wet climatic phases. A novel methodological approach for identifying flood and dust storm layers in Dead Sea sediments developed on existing core material from the western shore of the Dead Sea will also be applied, thus enhancing the Holocene time series of these event deposits.

Related Publications

Neugebauer, Ina, Wulf, Sabine, Schwab, Markus J, Serb, Johanna, Plessen, Birgit, Appelt, Oona, Brauer, Achim (2017). "Implications of S1 tephra findings in Dead Sea and Tayma palaeolake sediments for marine reservoir age estimation and palaeoclimate synchronisation" Quaternary Science Reviews 170 p269-275

Neugebauer, I., Schwab, M. J., Waldmann, N. D., Tjallingii, R., Frank, U., Hadzhiivanova, E., Naumann, R., Taha, N., Agnon, A., Enzel, Y., Brauer, A. (2016). "Hydroclimatic variability in the Levant during the early last glacial (∼  117–75 ka) derived from micro-facies analyses of deep Dead Sea sediments" Clim. Past 12 p75-90

Ina Neugebauer, Achim Brauer, Markus J Schwab, Peter Dulski, Ute Frank, Elitsa Hadzhiivanova, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Thomas Litt, Vera Schiebel, Nimer Taha, Nicolas D Waldmann, DSDDP Scientific Party (2015). "Evidences for centennial dry periods at ~3300 and ~2800 cal. yr BP from micro-facies analyses of the Dead Sea sediments" The Holocene 25 p1358-1371

Neugebauer, Ina, Brauer, Achim, Schwab, Markus J, Waldmann, Nicolas D, Enzel, Yehouda, Kitagawa, Hiroyuki, Torfstein, Adi, Frank, Ute, Dulski, Peter, Agnon, Amotz (2014). "Lithology of the long sediment record recovered by the ICDP Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project (DSDDP)" Quaternary Science Reviews 102 p149-165