[Krastel] Sedimentary processes in Lake Van, Turkey - correlation of high resolution seismic records with physical properties data

German Title: Sedimentary processes in Lake Van, Turkey - correlation of high resolution seismic records with physical properties data

Abbreviation: 249

Current Status: completed

Main Applicant:Prof. Dr. Sebastian Krastel

Resources Recipient

Other Persons

Dr. Daniel Winkelmann
Dr. Deniz Cukur

Conveyor Begin:
Conveyor End:
Conveyor Duration:
Year: 2009


Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia (Turkey) is the fourth largest of all terminal lakes in the world (surface area of 3,522 km², volume of 576 km³, maximum depth of 451 m, maximal length of 130 km WSW-ENE). Previous scientific work has shown that Lake Van has an excellent potential as a high resolution paleo-climate archive caused by the presence of annually laminated lacustrine sediments. As Lake Van can act as a key site for the investigation of the Quaternary climatic evolution of the Near East, an ICDP drilling campaign is scheduled for summer 2009. Five primary sites are proposed based on high resolution seismic data collected during a pre-site survey in 2004. The main aim of this proposal is an integrated interpretation of the drilling and seismic data in order to reconstruct the genesis and evolution of Lake Van. Synthetic seismograms will be calculated for a correlation of seismic and drill data. An intensive logging program (core and downhole logging) will be the basis for this approach. The integration of logging and seismic data allows extrapolating the stratigraphy from the wells to 3D-space by using the seismic data. Special emphasis will be drawn on the timing of widespread mass wasting events, which might be used as proxy for estimating the paleo-seismicity and on lake-level fluctuations, which played an important role for the sedimentary evolution of Lake Van.

Related Publications

Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Cukur, Deniz (2018). "Large-volume basaltic hyaloclastite eruption along a propagating land/lake lithosphere fracture at Lake Van (Eastern Anatolia): impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van V" Bulletin of Volcanology 80: 82 p1-23

Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Tomonaga, Yama, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Meydan, Ayşegül Feray, Çağatay, M Namık, Toker, Mustafa, Kim, Seong-Pil, Kong, Gee-Soo (2017). "Structural characteristics of the Lake Van Basin, eastern Turkey, from high-resolution seismic reflection profiles and multibeam echosounder data: geologic and tectonic implications" International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschau) 106 p239-253

Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Çağatay, M. Namık, Damcı, Emre, Meydan, Aysegül Feray, Kim, Seong-Pil (2015). "Evidence of extensive carbonate mounds and sublacustrine channels in shallow waters of Lake Van, eastern Turkey, based on high-resolution chirp subbottom profiler and multibeam echosounder data" Geo-Marine Letters 35 p329-340

Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Çağatay, M. Namık, Meydan, Aysegül Feray, Damcı, Emre, Stockhecke, Mona (2014). "Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p63-84

Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Schmincke, Hans Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Tomonaga, Yama, Namık Çağatay, M. (2014). "Water level changes in Lake Van, Turkey, during the past ca. 600 ka: climatic, volcanic and tectonic controls" Journal of Paleolimnology p201-214

Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Demirel-Schlüter, Filiz, Demirbağ, Emin, Imren, Caner, Niessen, Frank, Toker, Mustafa (2013). "Sedimentary evolution of Lake Van (Eastern Turkey) reconstructed from high-resolution seismic investigations" International Journal of Earth Sciences 102 p571-585