[Buske] Seismic site characterization in and around the COSC-1 drillhole
German Title: Seismic site characterization in and around the COSC-1 drillhole
Current Status: completed
Main Applicant:Prof. Dr. Stefan Buske
Dr. Rüdiger Giese
The project COSC (Collisional Orogeny in the Scandinavian Caledonides) focuses on the mid Paleozoic Caledonide Orogen in Scandinavia in order to better understand orogenic processes, both in the past and in recent active mountain belts (Gee et al., 2010). The Scandinavian Caledonides provide a well preserved example of Paleozoic plate collision, where the surface geology in combination with geophysical data provide control of the geometry of the Caledonian structure, both of the allochthon and the underlying autochthon, including a shallow W-dipping décollement surface on a thin skin of Cambrian black shales beneath the Caledonian thrust sheets. The structure of the basement underneath the décollement is highly reflective and apparently dominated by mafic sheets intruded into either late Paleoproterozoic granites or Mesoproterozoic volcanics and sandstones. The COSC project will examine the structure and physical conditions of these units, in particular the Caledonian nappes ("hot" allochthon) and the underlying basement, with two approximately 2.5 km deep drillholes, located near Åre and Mörsil in western Jämtland (http://www.sddp.se/COSC). In addition to that, the drillholes will provide unique information about the present temperature gradient in the Caledonides, the porosity and permeability of the rock formations, and the petrophysical properties of the rocks at depth. Existing regional seismic and magnetotelluric data have imaged the geometry of the upper crust, and pre-site seismic reflection survey were preformed in 2010 and 2011 to better define the exact drill site locations (Hedin et al., 2012). This present proposal is dedicated to complement these surface seismic measurements by drillhole-based investigations to better resolve and define the small-scale structures (including lithological boundaries, steeply dipping fault segments, fracture sets, etc.) around the drillhole COSC-1. This will be achieved by a combination of seismic transmission and reflection experiments using a 3C borehole geophone system and complemented by 3C geophones at the surface, where sources and surface receivers will be aligned at different azimuths and centred around the borehole location. The data processing will employ recently developed advanced imaging techniques and will focus on, amongst other things, the analysis of anisotropic effects caused by aligned fractures and faults and their relation to the stress regime. The results of our investigations will be high-resolution images of the fine-scale structure of faults and fractures around the borehole. This information is vital not only for a reliable spatial extrapolation of the structural and petrophysical properties observed in the borehole, but also for a thorough understanding of the tectonic and geodynamic setting, including, but not limited to, the past and present stress regime.
Hedin, Peter, Almqvist, Bjarne, Berthet, Théo, Juhlin, Christopher, Buske, Stefan, Simon, Helge, Giese, Rüdiger, Krauß, Felix, Rosberg, Jan-Erik, Alm, Per-Gunnar (2016). "3D reflection seismic imaging at the 2.5km deep COSC-1 scientific borehole, central Scandinavian Caledonides" Tectonophysics 689 p40-55