[MALLIK] Mallik 2002 Gas Hydrate Research Well Program

Climate & Ecosystems

Year of Application: 2001

Expedition ID: 5026

Current Status: completed

climate change
deep biosphere
gas hydrates
global environment
natural resources
Master Data

Prof. Dr. Heinz Wilkes (PI)
Dr. Jörn Lauterjung (PI)
Prof. Dr. Brian Horsfield (PI)
Prof. Dr. Ernst Huenges (PI)
Prof. Dr. Joerg Erzinger (PI)
Dr. Kai Mangelsdorf (PI)
Prof. Dr. Rolf Emmermann (PI)
Prof. Dr. Werner F. Kuhs (PI)
Prof. Dr. Michael Weber (PI)

Dr. Thomas Wiersberg (OSG)
Dr. Judith Schicks (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Jan Henninges (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Klaus Bauer (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Martin Zimmer (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Erik Spangenberg (Scientific Participant)

Projektdauer: 3
Geologisches Alter: oligocene

Latitude: 69°27'28''N

North America

Regionen & Städte:

Northwest Territories
District of Mackanzie
Mackanzie River Delta

Longitude: 134°39'32''W



hard rock

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 3527.4
Core Yield: 145.3
Core Length: 265.7
Amount of Drill Holes: 3
Amount of Drill Locations: 1

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 4.12
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 54.69


International interest in science and engineering research on natural gas hydrates is at an all-time high. Natural gas hydrates represent an immense hydrocarbon resource underlying large portions of the world’s arctic continental areas and continental shelves. While these deposits ultimately may yield important sources of energy for the world, scientific and engineering research needs to be undertaken to make their production feasible. In addition to these very practical interests, there is mounting scientific evidence that natural gas hydrates have had a very significant role in enhancing the pace of global climate change through the release of methane, a greenhouse gas some 21 times more active than carbon dioxide. In the above context, the Principal Investigators have formed an international consortium that will establish a world research site for the study of continental natural gas hydrates in the Mackenzie Delta of the northwestern Canadian Arctic. This site, the Mallik gas hydrate field, was discovered through an exploration well drilled by Imperial Oil Ltd. in 1971-1972. In 1998, several of the host organizations of the proponents of this proposal collaborated to complete a 1150-m deep scientific research well at the site. The first terrestrial gas hydrate core samples in the world were collected and extensive scientific data were retained. The current proposal includes a 1200-m production research well and two nearby 1200-m science observation wells, all to be drilled in 2002. Full-scale field experiments will be conducted to monitor the physical behavior and kinetic response of gas hydrate deposits to depressurization and thermal/chemical stimulation. A wide-ranging science and engineering research program is proposed, with extensive geophysics research, core studies and long term monitoring of in-situ conditions. The scientific and engineering research objectives for the production research well focus on the assessment of (1) the geologic, geophysical, geochemical and geomechanical properties of gas hydrates, (2) the kinetic response of gas hydrates to temperature, pressure and chemical forcing (production testing), and (3) the stability of continental gas hydrates to climate change. The main part of this report outlines the management and operational plans developed to drill the 2002 well cluster. A simplified budget to accomplish the plan is outlined. Finally, the development of this joint research venture and the present status of partners in the well and science programs are described. Several appendices provide further details of the project. Appendix A gives the Curriculum Vitae and bibliographies of the principal Investigators. Appendix B describes details of the science research activities planned for the wells and the scientists involved. The present proposal, revised from a submission in December 2000, has been augmented substantially based upon recommendations stemming from an ICDP workshop on the 2002 Mallik Gas Hydrate Research Well Program held July 17 and 18, 2001 in Aylmer, Quebec, Canada. Approximately 40 scientists from Canada, USA, Germany, Japan, China and India attended the workshop, presenting 20 new research proposals. These proposals have been incorporated within the 2002 Mallik Gas Hydrate Research Program. A commitment of US$1,300,000 (Cdn$2,000,000) from ICDP is requested to ensure that the science observation wells and the full scientific program can proceed.

Related Publications

Mangelsdorf, Kai, Kallmeyer, Jens (2009). "Integration of Deep Biosphere Research into the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" Scientific Drilling 10

Prevedel, B., Kück, J. (2006). "New Developments in Long-Term Downhole Monitoring Arrays" Sci. Dril. 2 p34-36

Haberer, Raingard M., Mangelsdorf, Kai, Wilkes, Heinz, Horsfield, Brian (2006). "Occurrence and palaeoenvironmental significance of aromatic hydrocarbon biomarkers in Oligocene sediments from the Mallik 5L-38 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well (Canada)" Organic Geochemistry 37 p519-538

Erzinger, J., Wiersberg, T., Zimmer, M. (2006). "Real-time mud gas logging and sampling during drilling" Geofluids 6 p225-233

Mangelsdorf, Kai, Zink, Klaus-Gerhard, Birrien, Jean-Louis, Toffin, Laurent (2005). "A quantitative assessment of pressure dependent adaptive changes in the membrane lipids of a piezosensitive deep sub-seafloor bacterium" Organic Geochemistry 36 p1459-1479

Mangelsdorf, K, Haberer, RM, Zink, K, Dieckmann, V, Wilkes, H, Horsfield, B (2005). "Molecular indicators for the occurrence of deep microbial communities at the JAPEX/JNOC/GSC et al. Mallik 5L-38 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well" BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA p104

Hancock, SH, Collett, TS, Dallimore, SR, Satoh, T, Inoue, T, Huenges, E, Henninges, J, Weatherill, B (2005). "Overview of thermal-stimulation production-test results for the JAPEX/JNOC/GSC et al. Mallik 5L-38 gas hydrate production research well" Bulletin-Geological Survey of Canada 585 p135

Dallimore, S. R., Collett, T. S., Taylor, A. E., Uchida, T., Weber, M., Chandra, A., Mroz, T. H., Caddel, E. M., Inoue, T. (2005). "Scientific results from the Mallik 2002 gas hydrate production research well program, Mackenzie Delta, northwest territories, Canada: Preface" Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada

Kuhs, Werner F, Genov, Georgi, Goreshnik, Evgeny, Zeller, Andreas, Techmer, Kirsten S, Bohrmann, Gerhard (2004). "The impact of porous microstructures of gas hydrates on their macroscopic properties" International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 14 (4) p305-309