[PALEOVAN] PALEOVAN - Lake Van Drilling Project

ICDP-Topics:
Climate & Ecosystems


Year of Application: 2007

Expedition ID: 5034

Current Status: completed

anatolia
climate change
global environment
ICDP-2007/03
lake drilling
LAKEVAN
paleoclimatology
PALEOVAN
quarternary
turkey
VAN06
varved record
Master Data

Prof. Dr. Thomas Litt (First-PI)

Dr. Daniel Winkelmann (PI)
Prof. Dr. Volkhard Spieß (PI)
Dr. Thomas Wonik (PI)
Prof. Dr. Roland Oberhänsli (PI)
Prof. Dr. Sebastian Krastel (PI)
Dr. Jens Kallmeyer (PI)

Dr. Henrike Baumgarten (Scientific Participant)
Christoph Steinhoff (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Masafumi Sudo (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Adrian Immenhauser (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Jonathan Engelhardt (Scientific Participant)
Jeremy McCormack (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Mari Sumita (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Katja Lindhorst (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Nadine Pickarski (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Nils Riedel (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Ola Kwiecien (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Georg Heumann (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Deniz Cukur (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Hans-Ulrich Schmincke (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Stephan Kempe (Workshop Participant)
Dr. Frank Niessen (Workshop Participant)
Dr. Sven Oliver Franz (Workshop Participant)

Projektstart: 1 June, 2009
Projektdauer: 3
Geologisches Alter:

Latitude: 38°38'0''N
Kontinente:

Asia

Regionen & Städte:

Lake Van
East Anatolia
Van Province

Longitude: 42°54'0''E
Länder:

Turkey

Themen:

continental
lake
soft sediment

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 865.0
Core Yield: 522.0
Core Length: 865.0
Amount of Drill Holes: 12
Amount of Drill Locations: 3

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 60.35
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 60.35

Related DFG-Projects

[Schmincke] Volcanic, climatic and geodynamic factors controlling the evolution of Lake Van (Turkey) (2015 - 2017)


[Litt] Lake Van Drilling Project "PALEOVAN", a long continental record in eastern Turkey: Geochronology, palynostratigraphy and environmental response on volcanic events (2013 - 2017)


[Krastel] Bathymetric Survey of Lake Van (BathyVan), Turkey - finding answers to objectives not directly addressed by ICDP drilling at Lake Van (2012 - 2016)


[Litt] Lake Van Drilling Project 'PALEOVAN', a long continental record in eastern Turkey: Paleoecological investigations on new cores obtained during the ICDP deep drilling operation in 2010 (2009 - 2015)


[Kallmeyer] Investigation of microbial ecosystems and their turnover processes in the sediments of the saline, alkaline Lake Van as part of the ICDP Drilling Project - PaleoVan - (2010 - 2013)


[Schmincke] Impact of long-term explosive volcanism from Nemrut and Süphan volcanoes on the compositional, temporal, dynamic, and paleoclimatic evolution of Lake Van (Turkey) (2010 - 2015)


[Schmincke] Evolution of highly explosive Nemrut and Süphan volcanoes (NE Anatolia) and Lake Van basin during the past 500.000 years (2009 - 2012)


[Krastel] Sedimentary processes in Lake Van, Turkey - correlation of high resolution seismic records with physical properties data (2009 - 2013)


[Wonik] Physical properties, structural features, and climate signals in lake sediments of the ICDP site Lake Van (Turkey) derived from downhole logging (2009 - 2013)


[Litt] Environmental response to climatic and volcanic events in NE Anatolia during the last 20,000 years based on annually laminated sediments from Lake Van (2007 - 2011)


[Litt] Lake van, Turkey - a potential new ICDP site: Paleoecological investigations based on lacustrine sediments (short cores from coring campaign 2004) (2005 - 2009)


[Krastel] Lake Van, Turkey - Pre-Site Survey for a potential new ICDP site (2003 - 2008)


[Pickarski] Flow cytometry method for purification of fossil pollen from Lake Van varved sediments for AMS radiocarbon dating – a new approach (2018 - ongoing)


[Litt] Lake Van Drilling Project 'PALEOVAN', a long continental record in eastern Turkey: Paleoecological investigations on new cores obtained during the ICDP deep drilling operation in 2010 (2012 - 2015)


[Litt] Lake Van Drilling Project "PALEOVAN", a long continental record in eastern Turkey: Geochronology, palynostratigraphy and environmental response on volcanic events (2015 - 2016)


[Litt] Lake Van, Turkey - Pre-Site Survey for a potential new ICDP site (2002 - 2005)


[Pickarski] Paleoclimate and paleoecology of the continental Eastern Mediterranean region - High-resolution pollen analysis from Lake Van during the Middle Pleistocene (MIS 8 to 10) (2020 - ongoing)


[Litt] Lake van, Turkey - a potential new ICDP site: Paleoecological investigations based on lacustrine sediments (short cores from coring campaign 2004) (2005 - 2009)


[Schwab] TephroMed: Tephrochronological Synchronisation of the Dead Sea and Lake Van ICDP sediment records in the eastern Mediterranean for the last 130 kyrs (2021 - ongoing)


Description

Lake Van is the fourth largest terminal lake in the world (volume 607 km3, area 3570 km2, maximum depth 460 m), extending for 130 km WSW-ENE on a high plateau in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. The annually-laminated sedimentary record of Lake Van promises to be an excellent palaeoclimate archive because it potentially yields a long and continuous continental sequence that covers several glacial-interglacial cycles (ca. 500 kyr). Therefore, Lake Van is a key site within ICDP for the investigation of the Quaternary climate evolution in the Near East. The geochronological precision on a decadal or even annual scale will allow comparisons not only with astronomical cyclicity but also signals below the frequency of Milankovitch cycles, such as North Atlantic Oscillation, which may have also affected the past climate system of the eastern Mediterranean region. As a closed and saline lake, Lake Van react very sensitively to lake level changes caused by any alterations in the hydrological regime in response to climate change. We also intend to determine the concentrations of atmospheric noble gases in the pore waters of the long IDCP cores to geochemically reconstruct - for the first time ever - lake levels and salinity on time scales of 1 - 100 kyr. Hence, the long cores from Lake Van will allow determination of the in-situ terrestrial He gradient as a function of depth within a sediment column of several hundred meters. These data will provide the first direct insights about the transport of terrestrial He trough the uppermost crust. Tephra layers, documented in the short cores and also expected in the deep drilling of Lake Van sediments, will allow reconstructing larger volcanic events and environmental impacts. The short cores from Lake Van show also strong evidence of earthquake-triggered microfaults, interpreted as seismites. Similar features are expected to be found in the deeper sections. The unique setting of Lake Van, which records simultaneously the volcanic as well as the earthquake history, will also allow establishing possible coincidence between larger earthquakes and volcanic events. We propose to use GLAD800 to drill a series of sites in Lake Van to recover sedimentary sequences alog a transect. Based on the high resolution seismic data and multidisciplinary scientific work on cores collected in 2004, we propose to drill five primary sites. Alternate sites and secondary sites have also been identified.

Related Publications

Engelhardt, Jonathan (2018). "40 Ar/39 Ar Geochronology of ICDP PALEOVAN Drilling Cores" Dissertation p360


Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Cukur, Deniz (2018). "Large-volume basaltic hyaloclastite eruption along a propagating land/lake lithosphere fracture at Lake Van (Eastern Anatolia): impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van V" Bulletin of Volcanology 80: 82 p1-23


Pickarski, Nadine, Litt, Thomas (2017). "A new high-resolution pollen sequence at Lake Van, Turkey: insights into penultimate interglacial–glacial climate change on vegetation history" Climate of the Past 13 p689-710


Kallmeyer, Jens (2017). "Contamination Control for Scientific Drilling Operations" Advances in Applied Microbiology 98 p61-91


Engelhardt, Jonathan Franz, Sudo, Masafumi, Stockhecke, Mona, Oberhänsli, Roland (2017). "Feldspar 40Ar/39Ar dating of ICDP PALEOVAN cores" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 217 p144-170


Tomonaga, Yama, Brennwald, Matthias S., Livingstone, David M., Kwiecien, Olga, Randlett, Marie-Ève, Stockhecke, Mona, Unwin, Katie, Anselmetti, Flavio S., Beer, Jürg, Haug, Gerald H., Schubert, Carsten J., Sturm, Mike, Kipfer, Rolf (2017). "Porewater salinity reveals past lake-level changes in Lake Van, the Earth’s largest soda lake" Scientific Reports 7 p313


Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Tomonaga, Yama, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Meydan, Ayşegül Feray, Çağatay, M Namık, Toker, Mustafa, Kim, Seong-Pil, Kong, Gee-Soo (2017). "Structural characteristics of the Lake Van Basin, eastern Turkey, from high-resolution seismic reflection profiles and multibeam echosounder data: geologic and tectonic implications" International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschau) 106 p239-253


Toker, Mustafa, Sengor, AM Celal, Schluter, Filiz Demirel, Demirbag, Emin, Cukur, Deniz, Imren, Caner, Niessen, Frank, PaleoVan-Working Group (2017). "The structural elements and tectonics of the Lake Van basin (Eastern Anatolia) from multi-channel seismic reflection profiles" Journal of African Earth Sciences 129 p165-178


Adhikari,Rishi R., Glombitza,Clemens, Nickel,Julia C., Anderson,Chloe H., Dunlea,Ann G., Spivack,Arthur J., Murray,Richard W., D'Hondt,Steven, Kallmeyer,Jens (2016). "Hydrogen Utilization Potential in Subsurface Sediments" Frontiers in Microbiology 7 p8


Stockhecke, Mona, Timmermann, Axel, Kipfer, Rolf, Haug, Gerald H., Kwiecien, Ola, Friedrich, Tobias, Menviel, Laurie, Litt, Thomas, Pickarski, Nadine, Anselmetti, Flavio (2016). "Millennial to orbital-scale variations of drought intensity in the Eastern Mediterranean" Quaternary Science Review 133 p77-95


Pickarski, N., Kwiecien, O., Langgut, D., Litt, T. (2015). "Abrupt climate and vegetation variability of eastern Anatolia during the last glacial" Clim. Past 11 p1491-1505


Baumgarten, Henrike (2015). "Climate implications and lithological characteristics of sediments from Lake Van (Turkey) and Lake Ohrid (Macedonia/Albania) obtained from downhole logging data" Dissertation


Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Çağatay, M. Namık, Damcı, Emre, Meydan, Aysegül Feray, Kim, Seong-Pil (2015). "Evidence of extensive carbonate mounds and sublacustrine channels in shallow waters of Lake Van, eastern Turkey, based on high-resolution chirp subbottom profiler and multibeam echosounder data" Geo-Marine Letters 35 p329-340


Kallmeyer, Jens, Grewe, Sina, Glombitza, Clemens, Kitte, J. Axel (2015). "Microbial abundance in lacustrine sediments: a case study from Lake Van, Turkey" International Journal of Earth Sciences 104 p1667-1677


Macdonald, Ray, Sumita, Mari, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Bagiński, Bogusław, White, John C., Ilnicki, Sławomir S. (2015). "Peralkaline felsic magmatism at the Nemrut volcano, Turkey: impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van (Anatolia) IV" Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology p34


Pickarski, Nadine, Kwiecien, Ola, Djamali, Morteza, Litt, Thomas (2015). "Vegetation and environmental changes during the last interglacial in eastern Anatolia (Turkey): a new high-resolution pollen record from Lake Van" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology p145-158


Litt, Thomas, Pickarski, Nadine, Heumann, Georg, Stockhecke, Mona, Tzedakis, Polychronis C. (2014). "A 600,000 year long continental pollen record from Lake Van, eastern Anatolia (Turkey)" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p30-41


Randlett, Marie-Ève, Coolen, Marco J. L., Stockhecke, Mona, Pickarski, Nadine, Litt, Thomas, Balkema, Cherel, Kwiecien, Ola, Tomonaga, Yama, Wehrli, Bernhard, Schubert, Carsten J. (2014). "Alkenone distribution in Lake Van sediment over the last 270 ka: influence of temperature and haptophyte species composition" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p53-62


Stockhecke, Mona, Kwiecien, Ola, Vigliotti, Luigi, Anselmetti, Flavio S., Beer, Jürg, Çağatay, M. Namik, Channell, James E. T., Kipfer, Rolf, Lachner, Johannes, Litt, Thomas, Pickarski, Nadine, Sturm, Michael (2014). "Chronostratigraphy of the 600,000 year old continental record of Lake Van (Turkey)" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p8-17


Baumgarten, H., Wonik, T. (2014). "Cyclostratigraphic studies of sediments from Lake Van (Turkey) based on their uranium contents obtained from downhole logging and paleoclimatic implications" International Journal of Earth Sciences p1-16


Kwiecien, Ola, Stockhecke, Mona, Pickarski, Nadine, Heumann, Georg, Litt, Thomas, Sturm, Michael, Anselmetti, Flavio, Kipfer, Rolf, Haug, Gerald H. (2014). "Dynamics of the last four glacial terminations recorded in Lake Van, Turkey" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p42-52


Baumgarten, H., Wonik, T., Kwiecien, O. (2014). "Facies characterization based on physical properties from downhole logging for the sediment record of Lake Van, Turkey" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p85-96


Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari (2014). "Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van (eastern Anatolia) III: Periodic (Nemrut) vs. episodic (Süphan) explosive eruptions and climate forcing reflected in a tephra gap between ca. 14 ka and ca. 30 ka" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research p195-213


Litt, Thomas, Anselmetti, Flavio (2014). "Lake Van deep drilling project PALEOVAN" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p1-7


Stockhecke, Mona, Sturm, Michael, Brunner, Irene, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Kipfer, Rolf, Cukur, Deniz, Kwiecien, Ola, Anselmetti, Flavio S. (2014). "Sedimentary evolution and environmental history of Lake Van (Turkey) over the past 600 000 years" Sedimentology p1830-1861


Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Çağatay, M. Namık, Meydan, Aysegül Feray, Damcı, Emre, Stockhecke, Mona (2014). "Seismic stratigraphy of Lake Van, eastern Turkey" Quaternary Science Reviews 104 p63-84


Pickarski, Nadine (2014). "Vegetation and climate history during the last glacial-interglacial cycle at Lake Van, eastern Anatolia" Dissertation p123


Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Schmincke, Hans Ulrich, Sumita, Mari, Tomonaga, Yama, Namık Çağatay, M. (2014). "Water level changes in Lake Van, Turkey, during the past ca. 600 ka: climatic, volcanic and tectonic controls" Journal of Paleolimnology p201-214


Sumita, Mari, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2013). "Erratum To “Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: Temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma” [J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 253 (2013), 15–34]" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 253 p131-133


Sumita, Mari, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2013). "Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past >400,000 years" Bulletin of Volcanology p714


Sumita, Mari, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2013). "Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: Temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 253 p15-34


Cukur, Deniz, Krastel, Sebastian, Demirel-Schlüter, Filiz, Demirbağ, Emin, Imren, Caner, Niessen, Frank, Toker, Mustafa (2013). "Sedimentary evolution of Lake Van (Eastern Turkey) reconstructed from high-resolution seismic investigations" International Journal of Earth Sciences 102 p571-585


Glombitza,Clemens, Stockhecke,Mona, Schubert,Carsten, Vetter,Alexandra, Kallmeyer,Jens (2013). "Sulfate reduction controlled by organic matter availability in deep sediment cores from the saline, alkaline Lake Van (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey)" Frontiers in Microbiology 4 p209


Litt, T., Anselmetti, F., Baumgarten, H., Beer, J., Cagatay, N., Cukur, D., Damci, E., Glombitza, C., Haug, G., Heumann, G., Kallmeyer, J., Kipfer, R., Krastel, S., Kwiecien, O., Meydan, A.F., Orcen, S., Pickarski, N., Randlett, M.-E., Schmincke, H.-U., Schubert, C.J., Sturm, M., Sumita, M., Stockhecke, M., Tomonaga, Y., Vigliotti, L., Wonik, T. (2012). "500,000 Years of Environmental History in Eastern Anatolia: The PALEOVAN Drilling Project" Scientific Drilling p18-29


Huguet, C., Fietz, S., Moraleda, N., Litt, T., Heumann, G., Stockhecke, M., Anselmetti, F. S., Sturm, M. (2012). "A seasonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey" Environmental Science and Pollution Research p3628-3635


Riedel, Nils (2012). "Der Einfluss von Vulkanausbrüchen auf die Vegetationsentwicklung und die agrarische Nutzung seit dem Weichselspätglazial in Ostanatolien anhand von palynologischen Untersuchungen an lakustrinen Sedimenten des Vansees (Türkei)" Dissertation p128


Litt, Thomas, Anselmetti, Flavio S., Cagatay, M. Namik, Kipfer, Rolf, Krastel, Sebastian, Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich, Sturm, Michael (2011). "A 500,000-year-long sediment archive drilled in eastern Anatolia" Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 51 p477-479


Mangelsdorf, Kai, Kallmeyer, Jens (2009). "Integration of Deep Biosphere Research into the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" Scientific Drilling 10


Reimer, Andreas, Landmann, Günter, Kempe, Stephan (2009). "Lake Van, Eastern Anatolia, Hydrochemistry and History" Aquatic Geochemistry 15 p195-222


Litt, Thomas, Krastel, Sebastian, Sturm, Michael, Kipfer, Rolf, Örcen, Sefer, Heumann, Georg, Franz, Sven Oliver, Ülgen, Umut B., Niessen, Frank (2009). "‘PALEOVAN’, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP): site survey results and perspectives" Quaternary Science Reviews 28 p1555-1567


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