[GYGY] GYGY - Lake El'gygytgyn Drilling Project

Climate & Ecosystems
Impact Structures

Year of Application: 2005

Expedition ID: 5011

Current Status: completed

climate change
global environment
impact crater
lake drilling
Master Data

Dr. Catalina Gebhardt (PI)
Prof. Dr. Uwe Reimold (PI)
Prof. Dr. Dirk Wagner (PI)
Dr. Alexander Prokopenko (PI)
Dr. Georg Schwamborn (PI)
Dr. Olaf Juschus (PI)
Prof. Dr. Ulrike Herzschuh (PI)
Prof. Dr. Martin Melles (PI)
Dr. Ralf-Thomas Schmitt (PI)

Jeremy Courtin (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Wenwei Zhao (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Frank Preusser (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Bernhard Chapligin (Scientific Participant)
Stephanie Scheidt (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Lutz Schirrmeister (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Volker Wennrich (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Ulli Raschke (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Andrej Andreev (Scientific Participant)

Projektstart: 10 January, 2006
Projektdauer: 3,5
Geologisches Alter: pliocene to quarternary

Latitude: 67°30'N


Regionen & Städte:


Longitude: 172°5'E

Russian Federation


soft sediment
hard rock

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 775.9
Core Yield: 512.3
Core Length: 685.5
Amount of Drill Holes: 3
Amount of Drill Locations: 1

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 66.03
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 74.73

Related DFG-Projects

[Dietze] Siberian fire regime shifts during interglacials of the last 3.6 Myrs inferred from sedimentary records of Lake El’gygytgyn (NE Asia) (2021 - ongoing)

[Gebhardt] Three-dimensional geometry and quantification of the sedimentary fill of Lake El'gygytgyn (Chukotka, NE Siberia) (2006 - 2008)

[Herzschuh] Pliocene Arctic vegetation and its feedbacks with climate: combining Lake El´gygytgyn pollen data and vegetation modelling (2011 - 2015)

[Mangelsdorf] Microbiological and biogeochemical investigations of the microbial driven methane dynamic in the Siberian Arctic during glacial-interglacial climate changes (2010 - 2013)

[Reimold] Geological study of the crater rim and the ejecta blanket of the El´gygytgyn impact structure, Siberia (2011 - 2013)

[Juschus] Modern processes and Quaternary climatic and environmental changes in northeastern Siberia, deduced from multidisciplinary analyses of sediments from Lake El'gygytgyn (2007 - 2009)

[Meyer] Late Quaternary Climate Reconstruction at Lake El'gygytgyn - Stable oxygen isotopes in biogenic opal of lacustrine diatoms (2007 - 2012)

[Schwamborn] Permafrost history in Arctic Siberia - insights from the cryogenic weathering record at El'gygytgyn Crater, NE Siberia (2007 - 2009)

[Herzschuh] Pliocene Arctic vegetation and its feedbacks with climate: combining Lake El´gygytgyn pollen data and vegetation modelling (2013 - 2015)

[Schwamborn] Permafrost history in Arctic Siberia - insights from the cryogenic weathering record at Elgygytgyn crater, NE Siberia (2008 - 2009)

[Mangelsdorf] Evolution of the Methane Cycle in the Siberian Arctic: Insights from Microbiological and Biogeochemical Studies (2008 - 2012)

[Schwamborn] Tracing paleo-permafrost with meteoric 10Be and in-situ 26Al/10Be - A proof of concept (2010 - 2013)

[Dietze] Siberian fire regime shifts during interglacials of the last 3.6 Myrs inferred from sedimentary records of Lake El’gygytgyn (NE Asia) (2019 - ongoing)

[Prokopenko] Chronological framework for Lake Baikal and Lake Elgygytgyn drill cores and orbital forcing of continental climate in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 3.6 Ma (2012 - 2017)

[Melles] Pliocene and Pleistocene mass movement events in Lake El´gygytgyn, northeastern Siberia, and their effects on the ´pelagic´ sediment record (2012 - 2015)

[Wagner] Phylogenetic and physiological characterization of deep-biosphere microorganisms in El'gygytgyn Crater Lake sediments (2012 - 2016)

[Wagner] Phylogenetic and physiological characterization of deep-biosphere microorganisms in El'gygytgyn Crater Lake sediments (2014 - 2016)

[Reimold] El´gygytgyn impact structure, Siberia: Investigation of a mid-size impact structure in volcanic target. (2010 - 2014)

[Reimold] El´gygytgyn impact structure, Siberia: Investigation of a mid-size impact structure in volcanic target. (2012 - 2014)

[Herzschuh] Boreal forest bi-stability around Lake El’gygytgyn (NE Russia) during interglacial of the last 2.15 Million years (2018 - ongoing)

[Melles] Pliocene and Pleistocene mass movement events in Lake El´gygytgyn, northeastern Siberia, and their effects on the ´pelagic´ sediment record (2010 - 2015)


Lake El’gygytgyn, located in central Chukotka, NE Russia, is a 3.6 million year old impact crater lake with a diameter of 12 km and a water depth of 170 m. During the last 6 years the sedimentary record of the lake has become a major focus of multi-disciplinary multi-national paleoclimatic research and is now a world-class target for deep drilling. A full-length sediment core would yield a complete record of Arctic climate evolution; back one million years prior to the first major glaciation of the Northern Hemisphere. Geomorphological evidence from the catchment suggests that the crater was never glaciated during the entire Late Cenozoic. A 12.9 m long sediment core retrieved from the deepest part of the lake in 1998 revealed a basal age of approx. 250 ka, confirmed the lack of glacial erosion, and underlined the sensitivity of this lacustrine environment to reflect high-resolution climatic change. A 16.7 m long sediment core taken in 2003 confirms the reproducibility of the record and dates to nearly 300 ka. The first single channel seismic survey in 2000 and multi-channel seismic surveys in 2003 have now been processed suggesting a depth-velocity model of brecciated bedrock overlain by a suevite layer, in turn overlain by two undisturbed, lacustrine sedimentary units up to 400 m in thickness. This final pre-site survey expedition in 2003 included modern process studies, geomorphic and permafrost studies of lake and river terrace stratigraphies, additional lake sediment coring and some of the first permafrost coring. Two workshops in 2001 and 2004 provided the scientific framework for the synthesis of all available data. This proposal requests funds for a major drilling campaign in El´gygytgyn Lake in spring 2007. Our goal is to collect the longest most unprecedented record of climate change in the terrestrial arctic for comparison with lower latitude marine and terrestrial archives of hemispheric and global climate evolution. Coring objectives include replicate cores of 630 m length to retrieve a continuous paleoclimate record from the deepest part of the lake and into the underlying impact breccias and bedrock. Studies of the impact rocks offers the planetary community with the opportunity to study a well preserved crater uniquely found in igneous rocks like those on Mars. One additional core to ca. 200 m into permafrost from the adjacent catchment will allow us to test ideas about arctic permafrost history and sediment supply to the lake since the time of impact.

Related Publications

Zhao, Wenwei, Rarasov, Pavel E., Lozhkin, Anatoly V., Anderson, Patricia M., Andreev, Andrei A., Korzun, Julie A., Melles, Martin, Nedorubova, Ekaterina Y., Wennrich, Volker (2018). "High-latitude vegetation and climate changes during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition inferred fromapalynological record from Lake El’gygytgyn, NE Russian Arctic" BOREAS 47 p137-149

Melles, Martin, Wennrich, Volker (2017). "Arctic Glacial and Interglacial Variability throughout the Quaternary: Evidence from Lake El’gygytgyn, northeastern Russia" Polarforschung 87 p43-60

Kontny, Agnes, Grothaus, Lea (2017). "Effects of shock pressure and temperature on titanomagnetite from ICDP cores and target rocks of the El’gygytgyn impact structure, Russia" Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica 61 p162-183

Zhao, Wenwei (2017). "Quaternary environmental changes in central Chukotka (NE Siberia, Russia) inferred from Lake El’gygytgyn pollen record and biome reconstruction" Dissertation p123

Raschke, Ulli (2017). "The El’gygytgyn impact structure, Siberia: Impactites from a mid-size impact structure in volcanic target rocks" Dissertation p289

Herzschuh, Ulrike, Birks, H John B, Laepple, Thomas, Andreev, Andrei, Melles, Martin, Brigham-Grette, Julie (2016). "Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in NE Asia" Nature communications 7

Wennrich, Volker, Andreev, Andrei A, Tarasov, Pavel E, Fedorov, Grigory, Zhao, Wenwei, Gebhardt, Catalina A, Meyer-Jacob, Carsten, Snyder, Jeffrey A, Nowaczyk, Norbert R, Schwamborn, Georg (2016). "Impact processes, permafrost dynamics, and climate and environmental variability in the terrestrial Arctic as inferred from the unique 3.6 Myr record of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russia–A review" Quaternary Science Reviews 147 p221-244

Andreev, Andrei A., Tarasov, Pavel E., Wennrich, Volker, Melles, Martin (2016). "Millennial-scale vegetation changes in the north-eastern Russian Arctic during the Pliocene/Pleistocene transition (2.7–2.5 Ma) inferred from the pollen record of Lake El’gygytgyn" Quaternary Science Reviews 147 p245-258

Heise, Janine, Nega, Marcella, Alawi, Mashal, Wagner, Dirk (2016). "Propidium monoazide treatment to distinguish between live and dead methanogens in pure cultures and environmental samples" Journal of Microbiological Methods 121 p11-23

Kruse, Stefan, Wieczorek, Mareike, Jeltsch, Florian, Herzschuh, Ulrike (2016). "Treeline dynamics in Siberia under changing climates as inferred from an individual-based model for Larix" Ecological Modelling 338 p101-121

Coletti, A. J., DeConto, R. M., Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M. (2015). "A GCM comparison of Pleistocene super-interglacial periods in relation to Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Arctic Russia" Clim. Past 11 p979-989

Ohlendorf, Christian, Wennrich, Volker, Enters, Dirk (2015). "Experiences with XRF-scanning of long sediment records" Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores p351-372

Raschke, Ulli, Schmitt, Ralf Thomas, McDonald, Iain, Reimold, Wolf Uwe, Mader, Dieter, Koeberl, Christian (2015). "Geochemical studies of impact breccias and country rocks from the El'gygytgyn impact structure, Russia" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50 p1071-1088

Zhao, W. W., Andreev, A. A., Wennrich, V., Tarasov, P. E., Anderson, P., Lozhkin, A. V., Melles, M. (2015). "The Réunion Subchron vegetation and climate history of the northeastern Russian Arctic inferred from the Lake El'gygytgyn pollen record" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology p167-177

Meyer-Jacob, C., Vogel, H., Gebhardt, A. C., Wennrich, V., Melles, M., Rosén, P. (2014). "Biogeochemical variability during the past 3.6 million years recorded by FTIR spectroscopy in the sediment record of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic" Clim. Past p209-220

Bischoff, Juliane, Mangelsdorf, Kai, Schwamborn, Georg, Wagner, Dirk (2014). "Impact of Lake-Level and Climate Changes on Microbial Communities in a Terrestrial Permafrost Sequence of the El'gygytgyn Crater, Far East Russian Arctic" Permafrost and Periglacial Processes p107-116

Minyuk, P.S., Borkhodoev, V.Y., Wennrich, V. (2014). "Inorganic geochemistry data from Lake El'gygytgyn sediments: marine isotope stages 6–11 " Climate of the Past 10 p467-485

Andreev, A. A., Tarasov, P. E., Wennrich, V., Raschke, E., Herzschuh, U., Nowaczyk, N. R., Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M. (2014). "Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene vegetation history of northeastern Russian Arctic inferred from the Lake El'gygytgyn pollen record" Clim. Past p1017-1039

Schwamborn, G., Meyer, H., Schirrmeister, L., Fedorov, G. (2014). "Past freeze and thaw cycling in the margin of the El'gygytgyn crater deduced from a 141 m long permafrost record" Clim. Past p1109-1123

Wennrich, V., Minyuk, P. S., Borkhodoev, V., Francke, A., Ritter, B., Nowaczyk, N. R., Sauerbrey, M. A., Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M. (2014). "Pliocene to Pleistocene climate and environmental history of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic, based on high-resolution inorganic geochemistry data" Clim. Past p1381-1399

Raschke, Ulli, Zaag, Patrice Tristan, Schmitt, Ralf Thomas, Reimold, Wolf Uwe (2014). "The 2011 expedition to the El'gygytgyn impact structure, Northeast Russia: Toward a new geological map for the crater area" Meteoritics & Planetary Science p978-1006

Frank, U, Nowaczyk, NR, Minyuk, Pavel, Vogel, Hendrik, Rosen, Peter, Melles, Martin (2013). "A 350 ka record of climate change from Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic: refining the pattern of climate modes by means of cluster analysis" Climate of the Past 9 p1559-1569

Tarasov, P. E., Andreev, A. A., Anderson, P. M., Lozhkin, A. V., Leipe, C., Haltia, E., Nowaczyk, N. R., Wennrich, V., Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M. (2013). "A pollen-based biome reconstruction over the last 3.562 million years in the Far East Russian Arctic - new insights into climate-vegetation relationships at the regional scale" Clim. Past 9 p2759-2775

Cunningham, L., Vogel, H., Wennrich, V., Juschus, O., Nowaczyk, N., Rosén, P. (2013). "Amplified bioproductivity during Transition IV (332 000-342 000 yr ago): evidence from the geochemical record of Lake El'gygytgyn" Clim. Past 9 p679-686

Nowaczyk, N. R., Haltia, E. M., Ulbricht, D., Wennrich, V., Sauerbrey, M. A., Rosén, P., Vogel, H., Francke, A., Meyer-Jacob, C., Andreev, A. A., Lozhkin, A. V. (2013). "Chronology of Lake El'gygytgyn sediments - a combined magnetostratigraphic, palaeoclimatic and orbital tuning study based on multi-parameter analyses" Clim. Past 9 p2413-2432

Vogel, H., Meyer-Jacob, C., Melles, M., Brigham-Grette, J., Andreev, A. A., Wennrich, V., Tarasov, P. E., Rosén, P. (2013). "Detailed insight into Arctic climatic variability during MIS 11c at Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia" Clim. Past 9 p1467-1479

Koeberl, Christian, Pittarello, Lidia, Reimold, Wolf Uwe, Raschke, Ulli, Brigham-Grette, Julie, Melles, Martin, Minyuk, Pavel (2013). "El'gygytgyn impact crater, Chukotka, Arctic Russia: Impact cratering aspects of the 2009 ICDP drilling project" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 p1108-1129

Ponomareva, Vera, Portnyagin, Maxim, Derkachev, Alexander, Juschus, Olaf, Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter, Nürnberg, Dirk (2013). "Identification of a widespread Kamchatkan tephra: A middle Pleistocene tie-point between Arctic and Pacific paleoclimatic records" Geophysical Research Letters 40 p3538-3543

Raschke, Ulli, Reimold, Wolf Uwe, Zaag, Patrice Tristan, Pittarello, Lidia, Koeberl, Christian (2013). "Lithostratigraphy of the impactite and bedrock section of ICDP drill core D1c from the El'gygytgyn impact crater, Russia" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 p1143-1159

Sauerbrey, M. A., Juschus, O., Gebhardt, A. C., Wennrich, V., Nowaczyk, N. R., Melles, M. (2013). "Mass movement deposits in the 3.6 Ma sediment record of Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic" Clim. Past 9 p1949-1967

Bischoff, Juliane (2013). "Microbial communities and their response to Pleistocene and Holocene climate variabilities in the Russian Arctic" Dissertation p149

Wilkie, K. M. K., Chapligin, B., Meyer, H., Burns, S., Petsch, S., Brigham-Grette, J. (2013). "Modern isotope hydrology and controls on δD of plant leaf waxes at Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia" Clim. Past 9 p335-352

Wennrich, V., Francke, A., Dehnert, A., Juschus, O., Leipe, T., Vogt, C., Brigham-Grette, J., Minyuk, P. S., Melles, M., El'gygytgyn Science, Party (2013). "Modern sedimentation patterns in Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia, derived from surface sediment and inlet streams samples" Clim. Past 9 p135-148

Francke, A., Wennrich, V., Sauerbrey, M., Juschus, O., Melles, M., Brigham-Grette, J. (2013). "Multivariate statistic and time series analyses of grain-size data in quaternary sediments of Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia" Clim. Past 9 p2459-2470

Mottaghy, D., Schwamborn, G., Rath, V. (2013). "Past climate changes and permafrost depth at the Lake El'gygytgyn site: implications from data and thermal modeling" Clim. Past 9 p119-133

Raschke, Ulli, Schmitt, Ralf T., Reimold, W. Uwe (2013). "Petrography and geochemistry of impactites and volcanic bedrock in the ICDP drill core D1c from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 p1251-1286

Wittmann, Axel, Goderis, Steven, Claeys, Philippe, Vanhaecke, Frank, Deutsch, Alexander, Adolph, Leonie (2013). "Petrology of impactites from El’gygytgyn crater: Breccias in ICDP-drill core 1C, glassy impact melt rocks and spherules" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 p1199-1235

Gebhardt, A. C., Francke, A., Kück, J., Sauerbrey, M., Niessen, F., Wennrich, V., Melles, M. (2013). "Petrophysical characterization of the lacustrine sediment succession drilled in Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic" Clim. Past 9 p1933-1947

Brigham-Grette, Julie, Melles, Martin, Minyuk, Pavel, Andreev, Andrei, Tarasov, Pavel, DeConto, Robert, Koenig, Sebastian, Nowaczyk, Norbert, Wennrich, Volker, Rosén, Peter, Haltia, Eeva, Cook, Tim, Gebhardt, Catalina, Meyer-Jacob, Carsten, Snyder, Jeff, Herzschuh, Ulrike (2013). "Pliocene Warmth, Polar Amplification, and Stepped Pleistocene Cooling Recorded in NE Arctic Russia" Science 340 p1421-1427

Fedorov, G., Nolan, M., Brigham-Grette, J., Bolshiyanov, D., Schwamborn, G., Juschus, O. (2013). "Preliminary estimation of Lake El'gygytgyn water balance and sediment income" Clim. Past 9 p1455-1465

Bischoff, Juliane, Mangelsdorf, Kai, Gattinger, Andreas, Schloter, Michael, Kurchatova, Anna N., Herzschuh, Ulrike, Wagner, Dirk (2013). "Response of methanogenic archaea to Late Pleistocene and Holocene climate changes in the Siberian Arctic" Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27 p305-317

Goderis, S., Wittmann, A., Zaiss, J., Elburg, M., Ravizza, G., Vanhaecke, F., Deutsch, A., Claeys, P. (2013). "Testing the ureilite projectile hypothesis for the El'gygytgyn impact: Determination of siderophile element abundances and Os isotope ratios in ICDP drill core samples and melt rocks" Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 p1296-1324

Melles, Martin, Brigham-Grette, Julie, Minyuk, Pavel S., Nowaczyk, Norbert R., Wennrich, Volker, DeConto, Robert M., Anderson, Patricia M., Andreev, Andrei A., Coletti, Anthony, Cook, Timothy L., Haltia-Hovi, Eeva, Kukkonen, Maaret, Lozhkin, Anatoli V., Rosén, Peter, Tarasov, Pavel, Vogel, Hendrik, Wagner, Bernd (2012). "2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El’gygytgyn, NE Russia" Science p315-320

Chapligin, B., Meyer, H., Swann, G. E. A., Meyer-Jacob, C., Hubberten, H. W. (2012). "A 250 ka oxygen isotope record from diatoms at Lake El'gygytgyn, far east Russian Arctic" Clim. Past 8 p1621-1636

Chapligin, B., Meyer, H., Bryan, A., Snyder, J., Kemnitz, H. (2012). "Assessment of purification and contamination correction methods for analysing the oxygen isotope composition from biogenic silica" Chemical Geology p185-199

Schwamborn, G., Fedorov, G., Ostanin, N., Schirrmeister, L., Andreev, A., the El'gygytgyn Scientific, Party (2012). "Depositional dynamics in the El'gygytgyn Crater margin: implications for the 3.6 Ma old sediment archive" Clim. Past 8 p1897-1911

Andreev, A. A., Morozova, E., Fedorov, G., Schirrmeister, L., Bobrov, A. A., Kienast, F., Schwamborn, G. (2012). "Vegetation history of central Chukotka deduced from permafrost paleoenvironmental records of the El'gygytgyn Impact Crater" Clim. Past 8 p1287-1300

Chapligin, Bernhard (2011). "From method develoment to climate reconstruction-oxygen isotope analysis of biogenic silica from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Siberia" Dissertation p195

Chapligin, Bernhard, Leng, Melanie J., Webb, Elizabeth, Alexandre, Anne, Dodd, Justin P., Ijiri, Akira, Lücke, Andreas, Shemesh, Aldo, Abelmann, Andrea, Herzschuh, Ulrike, Longstaffe, Fred J., Meyer, Hanno, Moschen, Robert, Okazaki, Yusuke, Rees, Nicholas H., Sharp, Zachary D., Sloane, Hilary J., Sonzogni, Corinne, Swann, George E. A., Sylvestre, Florence, Tyler, Jonathan J., Yam, Ruth (2011). "Inter-laboratory comparison of oxygen isotope compositions from biogenic silica" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75 p7242-7256

Juschus, Olaf, Pavlov, Maksim, Schwamborn, Georg, Preusser, Frank, Fedorov, Grigory, Melles, Martin (2011). "Late Quaternary lake-level changes of Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Siberia" Quaternary Research p441-451

Rosén, Peter, Vogel, Hendrik, Cunningham, Laura, Hahn, Annette, Hausmann, Sonja, Pienitz, Reinhard, Zolitschka, Bernd, Wagner, Bernd, Persson, Per (2011). "Universally Applicable Model for the Quantitative Determination of Lake Sediment Composition Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy" Environmental Science & Technology p8858-8865

Swann, George E. A., Leng, Melanie J., Juschus, Olaf, Melles, Martin, Brigham-Grette, Julie, Sloane, Hilary J. (2010). "A combined oxygen and silicon diatom isotope record of Late Quaternary change in Lake El'gygytgyn, North East Siberia" Quaternary Science Reviews 29 p774-786

Chapligin, B., Meyer, H., Friedrichsen, H., Marent, A., Sohns, E., Hubberten, H. W. (2010). "A high-performance, safer and semi-automated approach for the δ18O analysis of diatom silica and new methods for removing exchangeable oxygen" Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 24 p2655-2664

Gibson, Roger L, Reimold, Wolf Uwe (2010). "Introduction: Impact cratering and planetary studies—a fifty-year perspective" Geological Society of America Special Papers pvii-xii

Brigham-Grette, Julie, Melles, Martin (2009). "Complex drilling logistics for Lake El’gygytgyn, NE Russia" Scientific Drilling 7 p38-39

Mangelsdorf, Kai, Kallmeyer, Jens (2009). "Integration of Deep Biosphere Research into the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" Scientific Drilling 10

Juschus, Olaf, Melles, Martin, Gebhardt, A. Catalina, Niessen, Frank (2009). "Late Quaternary mass movement events in Lake El′gygytgyn, North-eastern Siberia" Sedimentology 56 p2155-2174

Pienitz, R, Melles, M, Zolitschka, B (2009). "Results of recent sediment drilling activities in deep crater lakes" Pages News 17 No. 3 p117-118

Nowaczyk, Norbert R., Melles, Martin, Minyuk, Pavel (2007). "A revised age model for core PG1351 from Lake El’gygytgyn, Chukotka, based on magnetic susceptibility variations tuned to northern hemisphere insolation variations" Journal of Paleolimnology 37 p65-76

Juschus, Olaf, Preusser, Frank, Melles, Martin, Radtke, Ulrich (2007). "Applying SAR-IRSL methodology for dating fine-grained sediments from Lake El’gygytgyn, north-eastern Siberia" Quaternary Geochronology 2 p187-194

Minyuk, P. S., Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M., Borkhodoev, V. Ya., Glushkova, O. Yu. (2007). "Inorganic geochemistry of El’gygytgyn Lake sediments (northeastern Russia) as an indicator of paleoclimatic change for the last 250 kyr" Journal of Paleolimnology 37 p123-133

Forman, Steven L., Pierson, James, Gómez, Jeaneth, Brigham-Grette, Julie, Nowaczyk, Norbert R., Melles, Martin (2007). "Luminescence geochronology for sediments from Lake El’gygytgyn, northeast Siberia, Russia: constraining the timing of paleoenvironmental events for the past 200 ka" Journal of Paleolimnology 37 p77-88

Brigham-Grette, Julie, Melles, Martin, Minyuk, Pavel (2007). "Overview and significance of a 250 ka paleoclimate record from El’gygytgyn Crater Lake, NE Russia" Journal of Paleolimnology 37 p1-16

Melles, Martin, Brigham-Grette, Julie, Glushkova, Olga Yu., Minyuk, Pavel S., Nowaczyk, Norbert R., Hubberten, Hans-W. (2007). "Sedimentary geochemistry of core PG1351 from Lake El’gygytgyn—a sensitive record of climate variability in the East Siberian Arctic during the past three glacial–interglacial cycles" Journal of Paleolimnology 37 p89-104