[TOWUTI] TOWUTI - The Towuti Drilling Project

The Towuti Drilling Project: Paleoenvironments, Biological Evolution, and Geomicrobiology of a Tropical Pacific Lake

Climate & Ecosystems
Element Cycles
Natural Hazards

Year of Application: 2013

Expedition ID: 5055

Current Status: completed

lake drilling
lake towuti
Master Data

Dr. Thomas von Rintelen (PI)
Dr. Fabian Herder (PI)
Dr. Thomas Wonik (PI)
Dr. Jens Kallmeyer (PI)
Prof. Dr. Martin Melles (PI)

Dr. Ulrich Harms (OSG)
Dr. Andre Friese (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Henrike Baumgarten (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Alexander Francke (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Hendrik Vogel (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Aurèle Vuillemin (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Jobst Pfänder (Scientific Participant)
Arne Ulfers (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Christoph Mayr (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Volker Wennrich (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Christian Zeeden (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Stephan Opitz (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Andreas Lücke (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Ascelina Hasberg (Scientific Participant)
Katja Hesse (Scientific Participant)

Projektstart: 1 April, 2015
Projektdauer: 2
Geologisches Alter: Quarternary

Latitude: 2°43'19''S


Regionen & Städte:

Lake Towuti

Longitude: 121°30'53''E



soft sediment

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 1290.3
Core Yield: 1009.9
Core Length: 1198.23
Amount of Drill Holes: 11
Amount of Drill Locations: 3

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 78.27
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 84.28


Towuti is located in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in the heart of the Indo-Pacific warm pool.   It is home to unique, endemic rainforests, fishes, and other organisms, and is housed in the metal-rich East Sulawesi ophiolite, the third largest ophiolite field on Earth.  Our project will use cores from this lake to reconstruct long-term climate change in the tropical western Pacific, understand the environmental conditions in which the region's ecosystems developed, and document the geomicrobiological processes at work in metal-rich lake sediment.

Related Publications

Vuillemin, Aurèle, Mayr, Christoph, Schuessler, Jan A, Friese, André, Bauer, Kohen W, Lücke, Andreas, Heuer, Verena B, Glombitza, Clemens, Henny, Cynthia, von Blanckenburg, Friedhelm (2023). "A one-million-year isotope record from siderites formed in modern ferruginous sediments" GSA Bulletin 135 p504-522

Niklas Tournier, Stefano C. Fabbri, Falvio S. Anselmetti, Sri Yudawati Cahyarini, Satria Bijaksana, Nigel Wattrus, James M. Russell, Hendrik Vogel (2023). "Climate-controlled sensitivity of lake sediments to record earthquake-related mass wasting in tropical Lake Towuti during the past 40 kyr" Quaternary Science Reviews 305 p1-19

Ulfers, A, Zeeden, C, Wagner, B, Krastel, S, Buness, H, Wonik, T (2022). "Borehole logging and seismic data from Lake Ohrid (North Macedonia/Albania) as a basis for age-depth modelling over the last one million years" Quaternary Science Reviews 276 p107295

Ulfers, Arne, Zeeden, Christian, Voigt, Silke, Abadi, Mehrdad Sardar, Wonik, Thomas (2022). "Half-precession signals in Lake Ohrid (Balkan) and their spatio-temporal relations to climate records from the European realm" Quaternary Science Reviews 280 p107413

Ulfers, A, Hesse, Katja, Zeeden, C, Russell, James M, Vogel, Hendrik, Bijaksana, S, Wonik, T (2021). "Cyclostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental inference from downhole logging of sediments in tropical Lake Towuti, Indonesia" Journal of paleolimnology p377-392

Friese, André, Bauer, Kohen, Glombitza, Clemens, Ordoñez, Luis, Ariztegui, Daniel, Heuer, Verena B, Vuillemin, Aurèle, Henny, Cynthia, Nomosatryo, Sulung, Simister, Rachel (2021). "Organic matter mineralization in modern and ancient ferruginous sediments" Nature communications 12 p1-9

Bauer, Kohen, Byrne, James, Kenward, Paul, Simister, Rachel, Michiels, Celine, Friese, André, Vuillemin, Aurèle, Henny, Cynthia, Nomosatryo, Sulung, Kallmeyer, Jens, Kappler, Andreas, Smit, Matthijs, Francois, Roger, Crowe, Sean (2020). "Magnetite biomineralization in ferruginous waters and early Earth evolution" Earth and Planetary Science Letters 549 p116495

Vuillemin, A., Friese, A., Wirth, R., Schuessler, J. A., Schleicher, A. M., Kemnitz, H., Lücke, A., Bauer, K. W., Nomosatryo, S., von Blanckenburg, F., Simister, R., Ordoñez, L. G., Ariztegui, D., Henny, C., Russell, J. M., Bijaksana, S., Vogel, H., Crowe, S. A., Kallmeyer, J. (2020). "Vivianite formation in ferruginous sediments from Lake Towuti, Indonesia" Biogeosciences 17 p1955-1973

Ordoñez, Luis, Vogel, Hendrik, Sebag, David, Ariztegui, Daniel, Adatte, Thierry, Russell, James M., Kallmeyer, Jens, Vuillemin, Aurèle, Friese, André, Crowe, Sean A., Bauer, Kohen W., Simister, Rachel, Henny, Cynthia, Nomosatryo, Sulung, Bijaksana, Satria (2019). "Empowering conventional Rock-Eval pyrolysis for organic matter characterization of the siderite-rich sediments of Lake Towuti (Indonesia) using End-Member Analysis" Organic Geochemistry 134 p32-44

Vuillemin, Aurèle, Wirth, Richard, Kemnitz, Helga, Schleicher, Anja M., Friese, André, Bauer, Kohen W., Simister, Rachel, Nomosatryo, Sulung, Ordoñez, Luis, Ariztegui, Daniel, Henny, Cynthia, Crowe, Sean A., Benning, Liane G., Kallmeyer, Jens, Russell, James M., Bijaksana, Satria, Vogel, Hendrik, the Towuti Drilling Project Science Team (2019). "Formation of diagenetic siderite in modern ferruginous sediments" Geology 47 p540-544

Friese, Andre (2019). "Geomicrobiology of Fe-rich sediments of Lake Towuti" Dissertation

Kraemer, Janina, Hadiaty, Renny Kurnia , Herder, Fabian (2019). "Nomorhamphus versicolor, a new species of blunt-nosed halfbeak from a tributary of the Palu River, Sulawesi Tengah (Teleostei: Zenarchopteridae)" Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1105 p1-8

Kraemer, Janina , Thieme, Philipp , Hadiaty, Renny Kurnia , Herder, Fabian (2019). "Structure of the andropodium of the viviparous halfbeak genus Nomorhamphus (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae), endemic to Sulawesi, Indonesia" Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 67 p247-259

Morlock, Marina A., Vogel, Hendrik, Nigg, Valentin, Ordoñez, Luis, Hasberg, Ascelina K. M., Melles, Martin, Russell, James M., Bijaksana, Satria, the Towuti Drilling Project Science Team (2018). "Climatic and tectonic controls on source-to-sink processes in the tropical, ultramafic catchment of Lake Towuti, Indonesia" Journal of Paleolimnology online p1-17

Hasberg, Ascelina (2018). "Decadal- to orbital-scale climate variability in the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool during the past ~650,000 years" Dissertation

Vuillemin, Aurèle, Horn, Fabian, Friese, André, Winkel, Matthias, Alawi, Mashal, Wagner, Dirk, Henny, Cynthia, Orsi, William D., Crowe, Sean A., Kallmeyer, Jens (2018). "Metabolic potential of microbial communities from ferruginous sediments" Environmental Microbiology 20 p4297-4313

Hasberg, Ascelina, Bijaksana, Satria, Held, Peter, Just, Janna, Melles, Martin, Morlock, Marina A., Opitz, Stephan, Russell, James M., Vogel, Hendrik, Wennrich, Volker (2018). "Modern sedimentation processes in Lake Towuti, Indonesia, revealed by the composition of surface sediments" Sedimentology online-first

Friese, André, Kallmeyer, Jens, Kitte, Jan Axel, Montano Martinez, Ivan, Bijaksana, Satria, Wagner, Dirk (2017). "A simple and inexpensive technique for assessing contamination during drilling operations" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 15 p200-211

Kallmeyer, Jens (2017). "Contamination Control for Scientific Drilling Operations" Advances in Applied Microbiology 98 p61-91

Vuillemin, Aurèle, Horn, Fabian, Alawi, Mashal, Henny, Cynthia, Wagner, Dirk, Crowe, Sean A., Kallmeyer, Jens (2017). "Preservation and Significance of Extracellular DNA in Ferruginous Sediments from Lake Towuti, Indonesia" Frontiers in Microbiology p1440

Vuillemin,Aurèle, Friese,André, Alawi,Mashal, Henny,Cynthia, Nomosatryo,Sulung, Wagner,Dirk, Crowe,Sean A., Kallmeyer,Jens (2016). "Geomicrobiological Features of Ferruginous Sediments from Lake Towuti, Indonesia" Frontiers in Microbiology 7 p1007

Russell, J. M., Bijaksana, S., Vogel, H., Melles, M., Kallmeyer, J., Ariztegui, D., Crowe, S., Fajar, S., Hafidz, A., Haffner, D., Hasberg, A., Ivory, S., Kelly, C., King, J., Kirana, K., Morlock, M., Noren, A., O'Grady, R., Ordonez, L., Stevenson, J., von Rintelen, T., Vuillemin, A., Watkinson, I., Wattrus, N., Wicaksono, S., Wonik, T., Bauer, K., Deino, A., Friese, A., Henny, C., Imran,, Marwoto, R., Ngkoimani, L. O., Nomosatryo, S., Safiuddin, L. O., Simister, R., Tamuntuan, G. (2016). "The Towuti Drilling Project: paleoenvironments, biological evolution, and geomicrobiology of a tropical Pacific lake" Sci. Dril. 21 p29-40

Vogel, Hendrik, Russell, James M, Cahyarini, Sri Yudawati, Bijaksana, Satria, Wattrus, Nigel, Rethemeyer, Janet, Melles, Martin (2015). "Depositional modes and lake-level variability at Lake Towuti, Indonesia, during the past~ 29 kyr BP" Journal of Paleolimnology p359-377

Russell, James M., Vogel, Hendrik, Konecky, Bronwen L., Bijaksana, Satria, Huang, Yongsong, Melles, Martin, Wattrus, Nigel, Costa, Kassandra, King, John W. (2014). "Glacial forcing of central Indonesian hydroclimate since 60,000 y B.P" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences p5100-5105