[BDP] BDP - Baikal Drilling Project

Support of Earth History Investigations in Lake Baikal by One Kilometer Scientific Drilling: Lake Baikal.

Climate & Ecosystems

Year of Application: 1997

Expedition ID: 5003

Current Status: completed

climate change
global environment
lake baikal
lake drilling
tectonic evolution
Master Data

Dr. Hedi Oberhänsli (PI)
Prof. Dr. Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten (PI)
Prof. Dr. Ernst Hegner (PI)

Dr. Markus Schwab (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Jörg Negendank (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Martin Melles (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Alexander Prokopenko (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Erwin Appel (Scientific Participant)

Geologisches Alter: quarternary

Latitude: 52°31'5''N


Regionen & Städte:

Lake Baikal

Longitude: 106°9'11''E

Russian Federation


soft sediment

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 463.8
Core Yield: 156.2
Core Length: 156.2
Amount of Drill Holes: 2
Amount of Drill Locations: 1

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 33.68
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 100.0


Lake Baikal is well-known as a magnificent sedimentary basin located in the central part of the Baikal Rift Zone (BRZ). The BRZ is known as one of the world’s two most active continental rift zones and a prime location for understanding fundamental processes involved in continental rifting and the evolution of lacustrine rift basins. Located in south-central Siberia, just north of the Mongolian border, Lake Baikal is ideally positioned to test important paleoclimate as well as tectonic models for several reasons:  The climate of the Baikal region has the highest degree of continentality of any continent,  This region has experienced mountain glaciation during the Pleistocene but not the massive continental ice sheets which disturbed the sedimentary records of the Great Laurentian Lakes of North America, and other lakes of northern Europe and northwestern Siberia.  Seasonal energy balance models have shown that this continental interior exhibits the highest degree of response to Milankovitch insolation variations.  The Baikal Rift Zone has a direct geo-genetic linkage to the tectonic evolution of Asia during the Cenozoic, particularly the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau. Continental scientific drilling of the Lake Baikal rift basin sediments, therefore, is essential for realizing the mutual goals of reconstructing the long-term paleoclimatic history of Central Asia and understanding the geologic history of the Baikal Rift Zone.  An eight-year investment in developing a multi-national infrastructure and scientific data base, including excellent multi-channel seismic and multi-proxy calibration data, is being realized through publications and special presentations.  Results from previous drilling and multichannel seismic surveys demonstrate that numerous sites exist in Lake Baikal for recovery of continuous hemipelagic lacustrine sediments, that a robust geochronology can be developed for the Late Cenozoic at these sites, that these sediments exhibit high sensitivity to rapid paleoclimate and tectonic events, and that these sediments contain multiple proxies for resolving high resolution paleoclimate records.

Related Publications

Mangelsdorf, Kai, Kallmeyer, Jens (2009). "Integration of Deep Biosphere Research into the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" Scientific Drilling 10

Prokopenko, Alexander A., Karabanov, Eugene B., Williams, Douglas F., Kuzmin, Mikhail I., Shackleton, Nicholas J., Crowhurst, Simon J., Peck, John A., Gvozdkov, Alexander N., King, John W. (2001). "Biogenic Silica Record of the Lake Baikal Response to Climatic Forcing during the Brunhes" Quaternary Research 55 p123-132

Müller, J., Oberhänsli, H., Melles, M., Schwab, M., Rachold, V., Hubberten, H. W. (2001). "Late Pliocene sedimentation in Lake Baikal: implications for climatic and tectonic change in SE Siberia" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 174 (4) p305-326

Müller, J, Kasbohm, J, Oberhänsli, H, Melles, M, Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang (2001). "TEM analysis of smectite-illite mixed-layer minerals of BDP-96-1-a preliminary report.-S. 90-100" Lake Baikal: a mirror in time and space for understanding global change processes (K Minoura, ed)-Elsevier, Amsterdam p90-100

Karabanov, E. B., Kuzmin, M. I., Prokopenko, A. A., Williams, D. F., Khursevich, G. K., Bezrukova, E. V., Kerber, E. V., Gvozdkov, A.N., Gelety, V.F., Weil, D., Schwab, M. (2000). " Glaciations of central asia in the late cenozoic according to the sedimentary record from lake baikal" Book: Lake Baikal (ed. K. Minoura) Chapter 5 p71-84

Eckert, C., Veinberg, E.V., Kienel, U., Oberhänsli, H. (2000). "A new preparation method for quantitative and qualitative analyses of fossil sponge spicules by light microscope" Proceedings of BICER, BDP and DIWPA Joint International Symposium on Lake Baikal November 5-8, 1998, Yokohama, Springer Verlag, Special Issue Lake BaikaL p136-145

Khursevich, G. K., Karabanov, E. B., Williams, D. F., Kuzmin, M. I., Prokopenko, A. A. (2000). "Evolution of freshwater centric diatoms within the Baikal rift zone during the late Cenozoic" Book: Lake Baikal (ed. K. Mimoura) Chapter 13 p146-154

Demske, D., Mohr, B., Oberhänsli, H. (2000). "Palaeoclimatic changes from 3.6 to 2.2 ma b.p. derived from palynological studies on Lake Baikal sediments" Book: Lake Baikal (ed. K. Minoura) Chapter 6 p85-89

Müller, J., Kasbohm, J., Oberhänsli, H., Melles, M., Hubberten, H.-W. (2000). "TEM analysis of smectite-illite mixed-layer minerals of core BDP 96 hole 1: Preliminary results" Book: Lake Baikal (ed. Kimoura) Chapter 7 p90-100