[HSDP] HSDP - Hawai'i Scientific Drilling Project

Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project: Request for Supplement Drilling Funds.

Climate & Ecosystems

Year of Application: 2002

Expedition ID: 5027

Current Status: completed

clay minerals
cooling history
deep biosphere
hf isotopes
high resolution
isotope analysis
major elements
mantle plume
mauna kea
noble gases
plate tectonics
submarine basaltic glass
thermal regimes
volcanic systems
Master Data

Prof. Dr. Ludwig Engelhardt (PI)
Prof. Dr. Harald Behrens (PI)
Prof. Dr. Rainer Kind (PI)
Prof. Dr. Donald Bruce Dingwell (PI)
Dr. Zsolt Berner (PI)

Dr. Arno Buysch (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Stefan Dultz (Scientific Participant)
Jochem Kück (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Ralf Engelmann (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Tina Mailer (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Joerg Erzinger (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Erich Steveling (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Alexander Sobolev (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Hans Jürgen Burkhardt (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Dominique Lattard (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Christoph Clauser (Scientific Participant)
Marius Stranghörner (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Helga de Wall (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Egon Althaus (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Jürgen Wohlenberg (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Martin Leven (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Agnes Kontny (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Bettina Scheu (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Ernst Huenges (Scientific Participant)

Geologisches Alter: quarternary

Latitude: 19°42'52''N

North America

Regionen & Städte:

Big Island

Longitude: 155°3'15''W

United States


Mantle Plume
hard rock

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth:
Core Yield:
Core Length:
Amount of Drill Holes:
Amount of Drill Locations:

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio:
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio:

Related DFG-Projects

[Kontny] Hot-spot related crustal magnetization and magnetic petrology from scientific drillings (2005 - 2011)

[Niedermann] Geochemistry of noble gases of the Hawaiian hotspot, HSDP (Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project) (1998 - 2008)

[Behrens] Mechanisms of alteration of basaltic and rhyolitic glasses considering solution chemistry and passivating properties of palagonite - a case study on ICDP drilling sites Hawaii and Snake River Plain (2012 - 2015)

[Heide] Quantifizierung der thermischen Vorgeschichte vulkanischer Effusiva durch Entgasungsexperimente (1998 - 2001)

[Hofmann] Isotopen- und Spurenelementuntersuchungen an Basalten des Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP) (1998 - 2005)

[Behrens] Supply of soluble Fe to ocean surface waters - quantitative approaches from ICDP site Hawaii by determining interface driven Fe transfer from subsurface volcanic rocks (2018 - ongoing)

[Niedermann] Structural and temporal evolution of the Hawaiian plume: Constraints from noble gases in surface samples and the HSDP drill core (2007 - 2009)

[Steveling] Paläomagnetismus in der Bohrung HSDP (Hilo/Hawaii) (1999 - 2005)

[Behrens] Mechanisms of alteration of basaltic and rhyolitic glasses considering solution chemistry and passivating properties of palagonite - a case study on ICDP drilling sites Hawaii and Snake River Plain (2014 - 2015)

[Lattard] Experimental constraints on the magnetic mineralogy of Fe-Ti oxides in basalts from HSDP-2 bore hole (2004 - 2008)

[Kind] Teleseismic investigation of the Hawaii Plume (1999 - 2004)

[Huenges] Langzeitbeobachtung von Bohrlochtemperaturen zur Untersuchung von Fluid- und Wärmetransport in der Nähe eines aktiven Mantel-Plumes (Hawaii) (1998 - 2003)

[Dingwell] Quantifizierung der Abkühlungsgeschichte submariner basaltischer Vitrophyre von Hawaii (USA); ICDP Projekt Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP) (2001 - 2003)

[Berner] Temporal evolution of sulfur content and sulfur isotopes with respect to variation of fluid composition and basalt geochemistry in the lava sequence recovered by the Kahi Puka-2 drilling (Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project) (2002 - 2004)

[Behrens] Supply of soluble Fe to ocean surface waters - quantitative approaches from ICDP site Hawaii by determining interface driven Fe transfer from subsurface volcanic rocks (2016 - ongoing)

[Harms] Integriertes geophysikalisches Strukturlogging des ca. 3 km tiefen Bohrlochs im Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP), Hawaii, USA (1999 - 2001)

[Kontny] Magneto-mineralogical beharvoir and magnetic fabric of lava in relation to extrusion conditions during growth of the Hawaiian shield volcano (HSDP-drilling) (2000 - 2005)

[Wohlenberg] Der lithologische und strukturelle Aufbau des Mauna Kea Schildvulkans, Hawaii: Auswertung bohrlochgeophysikalischer Messungen aus der 3,5 km tiefen HSDP Bohrung (2000 - 2006)

[Harms] Der lithologische und strukturelle Aufbau des Mauna Kea Schildvulkans, Hawaii: Auswertung bohrlochgeophysikalischer Messungen aus der 3,5 km tiefen HSDP Bohrung (2000 - 2003)

[Engelhardt] Scale dependence of hydraulic and structural parameters in the vicinity of a mantle plume (Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project) (2001 - 2004)


The Hawai'i Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP) has completed its first phase of core drilling into the Mauna Kea Volcano at a depth of 3,109 m in September 1999. These are the deepest core samples obtained from any Hawai'ian volcano and the suite of rock samples recovered may be the longest continuous stratigraphic record from any ocean island volcano.

The primary scientific objective of the HSDP is to gain a better understanding of the geochemical and geophysical processes within mantle plumes forming "midplate" volcanoes such as Hawai'i, the Galapagos, and the Yellowstone volcanic system.

Related Publications

Stranghoener, Marius, Dultz, Stefan, Behrens, Harald, Schippers, Axel (2020). "Far from equilibrium basaltic glass alteration: The influence of Fe redox state and thermal history on element mobilization" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 273 p85-98

Stranghoener, Marius, Dultz, Stefan, Behrens, Harald, Schippers, Axel (2020). "Potential mobilizable Fe from secondary phases of differentially altered subsurface basaltic rock– a sequential extraction study on ICDP site Hawaii" Applied Geochemistry 121 p104705

Stranghörner, Marius, Schippers, Axel, Dultz, Stefan, Behrens, Harald (2018). "Experimental microbial alteration and Fe mobilization from basaltic rocks of the ICDP HSDP2 drill core, Hilo, Hawaii" Frontiers in Microbiology 9 p1-17

Dultz, Stefan, Behrens, Harald, Helsch, Gundula, Deubener, Joachim (2016). "Electrolyte effects on surface chemistry of basaltic glass in the initial stages of dissolution" Chemical Geology 426 p71-84

Dultz, Stefan, Boy, Jens, Dupont, Christoph, Halisch, Matthias, Behrens, Harald, Welsch, Anna-Maria, Erdmann, Martin, Cramm, Sandra, Helsch, Gundula, Deubener, Joachim (2014). "Alteration of a Submarine Basaltic Glass under Environmental Conditions Conducive for Microorganisms: Growth Patterns of the Microbial Community and Mechanism of Palagonite Formation" Geomicrobiology Journal p813-834

Perugini, D., De Campos, C. P., Ertel-Ingrisch, W., Dingwell, D. B. (2012). "The space and time complexity of chaotic mixing of silicate melts: Implications for igneous petrology" Lithos 155 p326-340

Engelmann, Ralf, Kontny, Agnes, Lattard, Dominique (2010). "Low-temperature magnetism of synthetic Fe-Ti oxide assemblages" Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 115 pB12107

Nichols, ARL, Potuzak, M, Dingwell, DB (2009). "Cooling rates of basaltic hyaloclastites and pillow lava glasses from the HSDP2 drill core" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73 p1052-1066

Mailer, Tina (2009). "Neon, Helium and Argon isotope systematics of the Hawaiian hotspot" Dissertation p112

Engelmann, Ralf (2008). "Bestimmung diagnostischer magnetischer Übergangstemperaturen von synthetischen Titanomagnetiten und Ilmenit-Hämatit-Mischkristallen" Dissertation p285

Mueller, Sebastian, Scheu, Bettina, Spieler, Oliver, Dingwell, Donald B (2008). "Permeability control on magma fragmentation" Geology 36 (5) p399-402

Lavallee, Y., Meredith, P. G., Dingwell, D. B., Hess, K. U., Wassermann, J., Cordonnier, B., Gerik, A., Kruhl, J. H. (2008). "Seismogenic lavas and explosive eruption forecasting" Nature 453 p507-510

Sauerzapf, Ursula, Lattard, Dominique, Burchard, Michael, Engelmann, Ralf (2008). "The Titanomagnetite–Ilmenite Equilibrium: New Experimental Data and Thermo-oxybarometric Application to the Crystallization of Basic to Intermediate Rocks†" Journal of Petrology 49 (6) p1161-1185

Hess, Kai-Uwe, Cordonnier, Benoit, Lavallée, Yan, Dingwell, Donald B. (2008). "Viscous heating in rhyolite: An in situ experimental determination" Earth and Planetary Science Letters 275 p121-126

Oliva-Urcia, B., Kontny, A. (2007). "Crustal magnetization and magnetic petrology from hot-spot related basalts - an approach from low-T magnetic measurements and magnetic force microscopy" IRM QUATERLY 17 p3-4

Franke, C., Pennock, G. M., Drury, M. R., Engelmann, R., Lattard, D., Garming, J. F. L., von Dobeneck, T., Dekkers, M. J. (2007). "Identification of magnetic Fe-Ti oxides in marine sediments by electron backscatter diffraction in scanning electron microscopy" Geophysical Journal International 170 p545-555

Fekiacova, Z., Abouchami, W., Galer, S. J. G., Garcia, M. O., Hofmann, A. W. (2007). "Origin and temporal evolution of Koʻolau Volcano, Hawaiʻi: Inferences from isotope data on the Koʻolau Scientific Drilling Project (KSDP), the Honolulu Volcanics and ODP Site 843" Earth and Planetary Science Letters 261 p65-83

Lattard, Dominique, Engelmann, Ralf, Kontny, Agnes, Sauerzapf, Ursula (2006). "Curie temperatures of synthetic titanomagnetites in the Fe-Ti-O system: Effects of composition, crystal chemistry, and thermomagnetic methods" Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 111 pB12S28

Prevedel, B., Kück, J. (2006). "New Developments in Long-Term Downhole Monitoring Arrays" Sci. Dril. 2 p34-36

Buysch, Arno (2005). "Die syn-bis post-magmatische Entwicklung des Mauna Kea, Hawaii: USA-Interpretation geophysikalischer Bohrlochdaten und petrophysikalischer Kerndaten aus der Tiefbohrung “Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project, HSDP-2”" Dissertation p163

Kletetschka, G., Kontny, A. (2005). "Identification of magnetic minerals by scanning electron microscope and application of ferrofluid" Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica 49 p153-162

Abouchami, W., Hofmann, A. W., Galer, S. J. G., Frey, F. A., Eisele, J., Feigenson, M. (2005). "Lead isotopes reveal bilateral asymmetry and vertical continuity in the Hawaiian mantle plume" Nature 434 p851-856

Vahle, Carsten, Kontny, Agnes (2005). "The use of field dependence of AC susceptibility for the interpretation of magnetic mineralogy and magnetic fabrics in the HSDP-2 basalts, Hawaii" Earth and Planetary Science Letters 238 p110-129

Li, Xueqing, Kind, Rainer, Yuan, Xiaohui, Wolbern, Ingo, Hanka, Winfried (2004). "Rejuvenation of the lithosphere by the Hawaiian plume" Nature 427 p827-829

Kontny, A., Woodl, A. B., Koch, M. (2004). "Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility behaviour of spinelloid and spinel solid solutions in the systems Fe2SiO4–Fe3O4 and (Fe,Mg)2SiO4–Fe3O4" Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 31 p28-40

Kaselow, Axel (2004). "The Stress Sensitivity Approach: Theory and Application" Dissertation p201

Kontny, Agnes, Vahle, Carsten, de Wall, Helga (2003). "Characteristic magnetic behavior of subaerial and submarine lava units from the Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP-2)" Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4 pn/a-n/a

Althaus, Tilmann, Niedermann, Samuel, Erzinger, Jörg (2003). "Noble gases in olivine phenocrysts from drill core samples of the Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP) pilot and main holes (Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea, Hawaii)" Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems pn/a-n/a

Steveling, E., Stoll, J. B., Leven, M. (2003). "Quasi-continuous depth profiles of rock magnetization from magnetic logs in the HSDP-2 borehole, Island of Hawaii" Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4

Eisele, Jürgen, Abouchami, Wafa, Galer, Stephen J. G., Hofmann, Albrecht W. (2003). "The 320 kyr Pb isotope evolution of Mauna Kea lavas recorded in the HSDP-2 drill core" Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4 p1-32

Büttner, Grit, Huenges, Ernst (2003). "The heat transfer in the region of the Mauna Kea (Hawaii)—constraints from borehole temperature measurements and coupled thermo-hydraulic modeling" Tectonophysics 371 p23-40

Heide, Klaus, Schmidt, Christian M. (2003). "Volatiles in vitreous basaltic rims, HSDP 2, big island, Hawaii" Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 323 p97-103

Ohlhorst, Susanne, Behrens, Harald, Holtz, François (2001). "Compositional dependence of molar absorptivities of near-infrared OH- and H2O bands in rhyolitic to basaltic glasses" Chemical Geology 174 p5-20

Tamic, Nathalie, Behrens, Harald, Holtz, François (2001). "The solubility of H2O and CO2 in rhyolitic melts in equilibrium with a mixed CO2–H2O fluid phase" Chemical Geology 174 (1-3) p333-347

Abouchami, W., Galer, S. J. G., Hofmann, A. W. (2000). "High precision lead isotope systematics of lavas from the Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project" Chemical Geology 169 (1-2) p187-209

Li, X., Kind, R., Priestley, K., Sobolev, S. V., Tilmann, F., Yuan, X., Weber, M. (2000). "Mapping the Hawaiian plume conduit with converted seismic waves" Nature 405 p938-941

Sobolev, Alexander V., Hofmann, Albrecht W., Nikogosian, Igor K. (2000). "Recycled oceanic crust observed in /`ghost plagioclase/' within the source of Mauna Loa lavas" Nature 404 p986-990