[DSDDP] DSDDP - Dead Sea Drilling Project

Climate & Ecosystems
Element Cycles
Natural Hazards

Year of Application: 2009

Expedition ID: 5017

Current Status: completed

Master Data

Prof. Dr. Achim Brauer (PI)

Dr. Peter Dulski (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Sophie Stolzenberger (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Andrea Miebach (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Ute Frank (Scientific Participant)
Daniela Müller (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Rik Tjallingii (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Chunzhu Chen (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Ina Neugebauer (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Markus Schwab (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Gerald Haug (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Marieke Ahlborn (Scientific Participant)
Hannah Vossel (Workshop Participant)

Geologisches Alter: Neogene To Quaternary

Latitude: 31°30'29''N


Regionen & Städte:

Longitude: 35°28'16''E



Drilling Data

Drilling Depth:
Core Yield:
Core Length:
Amount of Drill Holes:
Amount of Drill Locations:

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio:
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio:


cited from: Stein, M., Z. Ben-Avraham, S. Goldstein, A. Agnon, D. Ariztegui, A. Brauer, G. Haug, E. Ito and Y. Yasuda (2011). "Deep Drilling at the Dead Sea." Sci. Dril. 11: 46-47.

At the lowest point on Earth, the Dead Sea, a unique scientific project, the Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project (DSDDP), is being conducted to establish a late Quaternary paleoenvironmental, tectonic, and seismological archive. Scientific groups from Germany, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Norway, Palestine, Switzerland, and the U.S.A. gathered for the first time on 21 November 2010 to perform scientific drilling at the floor of the deep basin of the Dead Sea. With current lake level of 423 m below sea level and water depth of 300 m, coring started at 723 m below mean sea level. During the first three weeks of drilling ~460 meters of sediment cores were recovered. As expected from shallow piston cores and on-land deposits from the lake level highstands, the cores are composed of alternating intervals of marly units and salts. The sedimentary intervals represent several glacial and interglacial cycles spanning an estimated interval of ~200,000 years. Two coarse-grained sections imply almost complete dry-out phases of the Paleo-Dead Sea, meaning that twice the lake surface was several hundred meters below present day sea level. Drilling is being conducted with the Large Lake Drilling Facility (see front cover of this issue) of DOSECC (Drilling Observation and Sampling of the Earth´s Continental Crust, Inc.). The upper 30 meters were cored by using a hydraulic piston coring system that is capable of penetrating several salt layers with high core recovery, while the deeper section was retrieved with the extended-nose bit coring tools.

Related Publications

Emmanuel Guillerm, Véronique Gardien, Nicolas D. Waldmann, Niels S. Brall, Daniel Ariztegui, Markus J. Schwab, Ina Neugebauer, Adeline Lach (2023). " Reconstruction of Dead Sea lake level and mass balance back to 237 ka BP using halite fluid inclusions" Quaternary Science Reviews 303 p20

Jurikova, Hana, Ring, Simon J., Henehan, Michael J., Neugebauer, Ina, Schröder, Birgit, Müller, Daniela, Schwab, Markus J., Tjallingii, Rik, Brauer, Achim, Blanchet, Cécile (2023). "Boron geochemistry reveals the evolution of Dead Sea brines" Earth and Planetary Science Letters p118403

Daniela Müller, Ina Neugebauer, Yoav Ben Dor, Yehouda Enzel, Markus J. Schwab, Rik Tjallingii (2022). "Phases of stability during major hydroclimate change ending the Last Glacial in the Levant" Scientific Reports 12 p12

Daniela Müller (2021). "Abrupt climate changes and extreme events in two different varved lake sediment records" Dissertation p196

Ina Neugebauer, Daniela Müller, Markus J. Schwab, Simon Blockley, Christine S. Lane, Sabine Wulf, Oona Appelt (2021). "Cryptotephras in the Lateglacial ICDP Dead Sea sediment record and their implications for chronology" Boreas 50 p844-8641

Yoav Ben Dor, Francesco Marra, Moshe Armon, Yehouda Enzel, Achim Brauer, Markus J. Schwab (2021). "Hydroclimatic variability of opposing Late Pleistocene climates in the Levant revealed by deep Dead Sea sediments" Climate of the Past 17 p2653-2677

Yoav Ben Dor, Tomer Flax, Itamar Levitan, Yehouda Enzel, Achim Brauer (2021). "The paleohydrological implications of aragonite precipitation under contrasting climates in the endorheic Dead Sea and its precursors revealed by experimental investigations" Chemcial Geology 576 p18

Yoav Ben Dor, Ina Neugebauer, Yehouda Enzel, Markus J. Schwab, Rik Tjallingii, Yigal Erel (2020). "Reply to comment on Ben Dor Y. et al. “Varves of the Dead Sea sedimentary record.” Quaternary Science Reviews 215 (2019): 173–184" Quaternary Science Reviews 231 p5

Mordechai Stein, Steven L. Goldstein (2020). "The ICDP Dead Sea deep drilling project - introduction" Quaternary Science Reviews 249 p1-6

Miebach, Andrea, Stolzenberger, Sophie , Wacker, Lisa , Hense, Andreas, Litt, Thomas (2019). "A new Dead Sea pollen record reveals the last glacial paleoenvironment of the southern Levant" Quaternary Science Reviews 214 p98-116

Oryan, B., Villinger, H., Lazar, M., Schwab, M. J., Neugebauer, I., Ben-Avraham, Z. (2019). "Heat flow in the Dead Sea from the ICDP boreholes and its implication for the structure of the basin" Quaternary Science Reviews 210 p103-112

Ben Dor, Yoav, Neugebauer, Ina, Enzel, Yehouda, Schwab, Markus J., Tjallingii, Rik, Erel, Yigal, Brauer, Achim (2019). "Varves of the Dead Sea sedimentary record" Quaternary Science Reviews p173-184

Ben Dor, Yoav, Armon, Moshe, Ahlborn, Marieke, Morin, Efrat, Erel, Yigal, Brauer, Achim, Schwab, Markus Julius, Tjallingii, Rik, Enzel, Yehouda (2018). "Changing flood frequencies under opposing late Pleistocene eastern Mediterranean climates" Scientific Reports 8

Chen, Chunzhu, Litt, Thomas (2018). "Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6–5" Quaternary Science Reviews 188 p15-27

Ahlborn, Marieke, Armon, Moshe, Dor, Yoav Ben, Neugebauer, Ina, Schwab, Markus J., Tjallingii, Rik, Shoqeir, Jawad Hasan, Morin, Efrat, Enzel, Yehouda, Brauer, Achim (2018). "Increased frequency of torrential rainstorms during a regional late Holocene eastern Mediterranean drought" Quaternary Research 89 p425-431

Miebach, Andrea (2017). "Climate-and Human-Induced Vegetation Changes in Northwestern Turkey and the Southern Levant since the Last Glacial" Dissertation p132

Chen, Chunzhu (2017). "Dead Sea Pollen Reveal the Paleoenvironment of the Southern Levant during 147–89 ka from the Paleobotanical Perspective" Dissertation

Neugebauer, Ina, Wulf, Sabine, Schwab, Markus J, Serb, Johanna, Plessen, Birgit, Appelt, Oona, Brauer, Achim (2017). "Implications of S1 tephra findings in Dead Sea and Tayma palaeolake sediments for marine reservoir age estimation and palaeoclimate synchronisation" Quaternary Science Reviews 170 p269-275

Palchan, Daniel, Neugebauer, Ina, Amitai, Yael, Waldmann, Niklas D., Schwab, Markus J., Dulski, Peter, Brauer, Achim, Stein, Mordechai, Erel, Yigal, Enzel, Yehouda (2017). "North Atlantic controlled depositional cycles in MIS 5e layered sediments from the deep Dead Sea basin" Quaternary Research 87 p168-179

Waldmann, N., Neugebauer, I., Palchan, D., Hadzhiivanova, E., Taha, N., Brauer, A., Enzel, Y. (2017). "Sedimentology of the lacustrine formations in the Dead Sea Basin" Quaternary of the Levant: Environments, Climate Change, and Humans Book p83-90

Neugebauer, I., Schwab, M. J., Waldmann, N. D., Tjallingii, R., Frank, U., Hadzhiivanova, E., Naumann, R., Taha, N., Agnon, A., Enzel, Y., Brauer, A. (2016). "Hydroclimatic variability in the Levant during the early last glacial (∼  117–75 ka) derived from micro-facies analyses of deep Dead Sea sediments" Clim. Past 12 p75-90

Ina Neugebauer, Achim Brauer, Markus J Schwab, Peter Dulski, Ute Frank, Elitsa Hadzhiivanova, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Thomas Litt, Vera Schiebel, Nimer Taha, Nicolas D Waldmann, DSDDP Scientific Party (2015). "Evidences for centennial dry periods at ~3300 and ~2800 cal. yr BP from micro-facies analyses of the Dead Sea sediments" The Holocene 25 p1358-1371

Neugebauer, Ina (2015). "Reconstructing climate from the Dead Sea sediment record using high-resolution micro-facies analyses" Dissertation

Neugebauer, Ina, Brauer, Achim, Schwab, Markus J, Waldmann, Nicolas D, Enzel, Yehouda, Kitagawa, Hiroyuki, Torfstein, Adi, Frank, Ute, Dulski, Peter, Agnon, Amotz (2014). "Lithology of the long sediment record recovered by the ICDP Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project (DSDDP)" Quaternary Science Reviews 102 p149-165

Williams, Jefferson B, Schwab, Markus J, Brauer, A (2012). "An early first-century earthquake in the Dead Sea" International Geology Review 54 p1219-1228

Stein, M., Ben-Avraham, Z., Goldstein, S., Agnon, A., Ariztegui, D., Brauer, A., Haug, G., Ito, E., Yasuda, Y. (2011). "Deep Drilling at the Dead Sea" Sci. Dril. 11 p46-47

Zolitschka, Bernd, Negendank, Jörg F. W. (1999). "High-resolution records from European Lakes" Quaternary Science Reviews 18 p885-888