[CFDDP] CFDDP - Campi Flegrei Caldera Deep Drilling Project

ICDP-Topics:
Climate & Ecosystems
Paleoclimate
Volcanoes
Natural Hazards
Faults


Year of Application: 2008

Expedition ID: 5041

Current Status: ongoing

CAMPI-FLEGREI
FLEGREI
ICDP-2008/05
geothermal system
geothermy
italy
magma chamber
volcanic hazards
volcanic systems
Master Data

Prof. Dr. Marcus Nowak (PI)
Prof. Dr. Joerg Erzinger (PI)

Dr. Thomas Wiersberg (OSG)
Anja Allabar (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Roman Botcharnikov (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Hans-Ulrich Schmincke (Scientific Participant)
Oliver Preuss (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Volkhard Spieß (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Sara Fanara (Scientific Participant)
Dr. Lena Steinmann (Scientific Participant)
Raffaella Silvia Iovine (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Michael Joachimski (Scientific Participant)
Prof. Dr. Gerhard Wörner (Scientific Participant)

Projektstart:
Projektdauer:
Geologisches Alter: Quarternary

Latitude: 40°48'42''N
Kontinente:

Europe

Regionen & Städte:

Gulf of Pozzuoli
Naples Bay
Campi Flegrei Caldera

Longitude: 14°10'29''E
Länder:

Italy

Themen:

continental
hard rock

Drilling Data

Drilling Depth: 506.0
Core Yield: 1.0
Core Length: 1.0
Amount of Drill Holes: 1
Amount of Drill Locations: 1

Core Length-Drill Depth-Ratio: 0.2
Core Yield-Core Length-Ratio: 100.0

Related DFG-Projects

[Steinmann] First low-frequency 3D seismic investigation of the deep magmatic-hydrothermal system and architecture of the Campi Flegrei caldera to complement an amphibian ICDP/IODP drilling effort (2017 - ongoing)


[Spieß] Shallow structures of the marine Campi Flegrei Caldera and the volcanoclastic and sedimentary deposits in the Bay of Naples (2012 - 2017)


[Nowak] Simulation of magma ascent prior to the high risk caldera forming eruptions of Campi Flegrei in the frame of CFDDP (2012 - 2016)


[Behrens] Pre-eruptive conditions of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: Experimental constraints from phase equilibria and volatile solubility studies and its implication for the Campi Flegrei drilling project (2010 - 2013)


[Wiersberg] Characterization of the Campi Flegrei fluid regime in time and space to understand the interplay between fluids/gases and volcanic/seismic processes (2010 - 2012)


[Wörner] The history of the Campi Flegrei Magma System through time: the key to understand present and future volcanic processes (2010 - 2017)


[Spieß] Pre-site survey of the marine Campi Flegrei Caldera and the volcanoclastic and sedimentary deposits in the Bay of Naples (2008 - 2012)


[Behrens] Pre-eruptive conditions of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: Experimental constraints from phase equilibria and volatile solubility studies and its implication for the Campi Flegrei drilling project (2012 - 2013)


[Steinmann] First low-frequency 3D seismic investigation of the deep magmatic-hydrothermal system and architecture of the Campi Flegrei caldera to complement an amphibian ICDP/IODP drilling effort (2018 - ongoing)


[Wörner] The history of the Campi Flegrei Magma System through time: the key to understand present and future volcanic processes (2016 - 2017)


[Nowak] Simulation of magma ascent prior to the high risk caldera forming eruptions of Campi Flegrei in the frame of CFDDP (2014 - 2016)


[Spieß] Shallow structures of the marine Campi Flegrei Caldera and the volcanoclastic and sedimentary deposits in the Bay of Naples (2015 - 2017)


Description

Campi Flegrei caldera is an active volcanic area marked by a quasi-circular caldera depression, formed by huge ignimbritic eruptions. The caldera has recently experienced intense deformation, originating uplift phenomena of more than 3.5 m in 15 years, with maximum rates of 1 m/year in the period 1982-1984, which caused the temporary evacuation of 30,000 people from the centre of Pozzuoli and exposed more than 500,000 the risk of pyroclastic flows (several millions in case of an ignimbritic eruption). The role of deep drilling at this area is then crucial. It will give a fundamental, precise insight into the shallow substructure, the geometry and character of the geothermal systems and their role in the unrest episodes, as well as to explain magma chemistry and the mechanisms of magma-water interaction.

Related Publications

Sacchi, M., De Natale, G., Spiess, V., Steinmann, L., Acocella, V., Corradino, M., de Silva, S., Fedele, A., Fedele, L., Geshi, N., Kilburn, C., Insinga, D., Jurado, M. J., Molisso, F., Petrosino, P., Passaro, S., Pepe, F., Porfido, S., Scarpati, C., Schmincke, H. U., Somma, R., Sumita, M., Tamburrino, S., Troise, C., Vallefuoco, M., Ventura, G. (2019). "A roadmap for amphibious drilling at the Campi Flegrei caldera: insights from a MagellanPlus workshop" Sci. Dril. 26 p29-46


Iovine, Raffaella Silvia, Mazzeo, Fabio Carmine, Wörner, Gerhard, Pelullo, Carlo, Cirillo, Gianluca, Arienzo, Ilenia, Pack, Andreas, D'Antonio, Massimo (2018). "Coupled δ18O-δ17O and 87Sr/86Sr isotope compositions suggest a radiogenic and 18O-enriched magma source for Neapolitan volcanoes (Southern Italy)" Lithos 316-317 p199-211


Steinmann, Lena, Spiess, Volkhard, Sacchi, Marco (2018). "Post-collapse evolution of a coastal caldera system: Insights from a 3D multichannel seismic survey from the Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy)" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 349 p83-98


Fedele, Alessandro, Pedone, Maria, Moretti, Roberto, Wiersberg, Thomas, Somma, Renato, Troise, Claudia, De Natale, Giuseppe (2017). "Real-time quadrupole mass spectrometry of hydrothermal gases from the unstable Pisciarelli fumaroles (Campi Flegrei): Trends, challenges and processes" International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 415 p44-54


Violante, Crescenzo, Sacchi, Marco, Spieß, Volkhard, Steinmann, Lena (2017). "Seafloor response to large volcanic activity and geohazard implications in Naples Bay, Southern Italy" Offshore Site Investigation and Geotechnics 11 p265-275


Iovine, Raffaella Silvia , Mazzeo, Fabio Carmine , Arienzo, Ilenia , D'Antonio, Massimo , Wörner, Gerhard , Lucia Civetta , Zeudia Pastore , Giovanni Orsi (2017). "Source and magmatic evolution inferred from geochemical and Sr-O-isotope data on hybrid lavas of Arso, the last eruption at Ischia island (Italy; 1302 AD)" Journal ofVolcanology and Geothermal Research 331 p1-15


Spiess, Volkhard, Sacchi, Marco, de Natale, Giuseppe, Steinmann, Lena (2017). "Structure and Evolution of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Volcanic Systems in offshore collapse/resurgent calderas: Development of an IODP Drilling Proposal at Campi Flegrei linking to active ICDP Drilling Initiatives" MagellanPlus Workshop report


Iovine, Raffaella Silvia , Fedele, Lorenzo , Mazzeo, Fabio Carmine , Arienzo, Ilenia , Cavallo, Andrea , Wörner, Gerhard , Orsi, Giovanni , Civetta, Lucia , D’Antonio, Massimo (2017). "Timescales of magmatic processes prior to the ∼4.7 ka Agnano-Monte Spina eruption (Campi Flegrei caldera, Southern Italy) based on diffusion chronometry from sanidine phenocrysts" Bulletin of Volcanology 79 p1-15


Preuss, Oliver, Marxer, Holger, Ulmer, Sarah, Wolf, Johannes, Nowak, Marcus (2016). "Degassing of hydrous trachytic Campi Flegrei and phonolitic Vesuvius melts: Experimental limitations and chances to study homogeneous bubble nucleation" American Mineralogist 101 p859-875


Steinmann, Lena (2016). "Reconstruction of Volcano-tectonic Processes in Interplay with Sedimentary Deposition in the Gulf of Naples (Italy) Using a Seismoacoustic Dataset" Dissertation p150


Steinmann, Lena, Spieß, Volkhard, Sacchi, Marco (2016). "The Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy): Formation and evolution in interplay with sea-level variations since the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption at 39ka" Journal of Volcanological and Geothermal Research 327 p361-374


Mormone, A., Troise, C., Piochi, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., De Natale, G. (2015). "Mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic features oftuffs from the CFDDP drill hole: Hydrothermal activity in the eastern side of the Campi Flegrei volcano (southern Italy)" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 290 p39-52


Fanara, Sara, Botcharnikov, Roman E., Palladino, Danilo M., Adams, Franziska, Buddensieck, Julia, Mulch, Andreas, Behrens, Harald (2015). "Volatiles in magmas related to the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: Experiments vs. natural findings" American Mineralogist 100 p2284-2297


Friese, Karl-Ingo, Cichy, Sarah B., Wolter, Franz-Erich, Botcharnikov, Roman E. (2013). "Analysis of tomographic mineralogical data using YaDiV—Overview and practical case study" Computers & Geosciences 9 p92-103


Perugini, D., De Campos, C. P., Dingwell, D. B., Dorfman, A. (2013). "Relaxation of concentration variance: A new tool to measure chemical element mobility during mixing of magmas" Chemical Geology 335 p8-23


Fanara, Sara, Behrens, Harald, Zhang, Youxue (2013). "Water diffusion in potassium-rich phonolitic and trachytic melts" Chemical Geology 346 p149-161


Misiti, V., Vetere, F., Freda, C., Scarlato, P., Behrens, H., Mangiacapra, A., Dingwell, D. B. (2011). "A general viscosity model of Campi Flegrei (Italy) melts" Chemical Geology 290 p50-59


Nowak, Marcus, Cichy, Sarah B., Botcharnikov, Roman E., Walker, Norbert, Hurkuck, Willi (2011). "A new type of high-pressure low-flow metering valve for continuous decompression: First experimental results on degassing of rhyodacitic melts" American Mineralogist 96 p1373-1380


Behrens, Harald (2011). "Erratum for “Trace element diffusion and viscous flow in potassium-rich trachytic and phonolitic melts”, authors Harald Behrens and Matthias Hahn, published in Chemical Geology 259 (2009) 63–77" Chemical Geology p86


Vetere, Francesco, Botcharnikov, Roman E., Holtz, Francois, Behrens, Harald, De Rosa, Rosanna (2011). "Solubility of H2O and CO2 in shoshonitic melts at 1250 °C and pressures from 50 to 400 MPa: Implications for Campi Flegrei magmatic systems" Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 202 p251-261


BEHRENS, HARALD, MISITI, VALERIA, FREDA, CARMELA, VETERE, FRANCESCO, BOTCHARNIKOV, ROMAN E, SCARLATO, PIERGIORGIO (2009). "Solubility of H2O and CO2 in ultrapotassic melts at 1200 and 1250 C and pressure from 50 to 500 MPa" American Mineralogist 94 p105-120